SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz – 22

SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz

Aspirants have a strong possibility of scoring well in the English Language section if they practice quality questions on a regular basis. This section takes the least amount of time if the practice is done every day in a dedicated manner. In this article, we have come up with the SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz to help you prepare better. Candidates will be provided with a detailed explanation for each question in this SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz includes a variety of questions ranging in difficulty from easy to tough. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz is totally FREE. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz has important English Language Questions and Answers that will help you improve your exam score. Aspirants must practice this SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz in order to be able to answer questions quickly and efficiently in upcoming exams.

 

Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the following questions. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Any amendment to a law is bound to be viewed with suspicion if no fundamental need is seen for the changes it proposes. Amendments passed by the Lok Sabha to the Right to Information Act are so obviously unnecessary that naturally many see an ulterior motive. It is difficult not to concur with activists who contend that the amendments pose a threat to the freedom and autonomy of Information Commissions at the Central and State levels.

The Central Information Commissioner, the corresponding authorities in the States (State Information Commissioners) and other Information Commissioners at both levels are statutory functionaries vested with the power to review the decisions of public information officers in government departments, institutions and bodies. The amendments propose to modify the status, tenure and conditions of appointment of these Commissioners and empower the Union government to set their tenure and remuneration. While the original law assured incumbents of a fixed five-year term, with 65 as the retirement age, the amendments say the Centre would decide their tenure.

In one stroke, the security of tenure of an adjudicating authority, whose mandate is to intervene in favour of information-seekers against powerful regimes and bureaucrats, has been undermined. The original legislation says the salary and terms and conditions of service of the CIC are the same as those of the Chief Election Commissioner, equal in status to a Supreme Court judge. Similarly, the other Information Commissioners at the Central level have the same conditions of service as Election Commissioners. At the State level, the SIC has the same terms and conditions of service as Election Commissioners, while other Information Commissioners are equated with the Chief Secretary of a State.

The government claims its aim is to ‘rationalise’ the status of the authorities. It argues that while the Chief Election Commissioner is a constitutional functionary, the CIC is only a statutory authority. And while the CEC is equal in status to a Supreme Court judge, it would be incongruous for the CIC to enjoy the same status as the CIC’s orders are subject to judicial review by the high courts. This is a fallacious argument as even the Election Commission’s decisions can be reviewed by high courts. Protecting citizens’ right to information is a cause important enough for adjudicating authorities to be vested with high status and security of tenure.

  1. Which of the following is TRUE in context of this passage?

(a) All Information Commissioners are statutory bodies

(b) Chief Election Commissioner is a statutory functionary

(c) All Information Commissioners are constitutional functionaries

(d) Both (a) and (b) are true

(e) None of these are true.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. It’s given in paragraph 2, that ‘Information Commissioners at both levels are statutory functionaries’ and it’s given in the last paragraph that ‘Chief Election Commissioner is a constitutional functionary’ making only option (a) the correct choice.

  1. What is the primary responsibility of the Chief Information Officer?

(a) Information Commission is supposed to review the decisions of the high courts

(b) to intervene against information-seekers in favour of powerful regimes and bureaucrats

(c) to review the decisions of public information officers in government departments, institutions and bodies

(d) Both (b) and (c)

(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. It is clearly given in paragraph 2, that ‘Information Commissioners are vested with the power to review the decisions of public information officers in government departments, institutions and bodies’. It is also given in paragraph 3, that ‘whose mandate is to intervene in favour of information-seekers against powerful regimes and bureaucrats’ which is the exact opposite of what is given in option (b) making (c) the only right answer.

  1. How has the author compared the post of the Chief Information Officer to that of Chief Election Commissioner?

(a) The author disagrees with the CIC being equal to the CEC as the former’s orders are subject to judicial review by the high courts

(b) The author believes that CIC are the same as those of the Chief Election Commissioner

(c) The author is of the strong viewpoint that CIC have higher authority than all government officials including the CEC

(d) Both (b) and (c)

(e) All of (a), (b) and (c)

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. The first option is not the author’s viewpoint but the argument presented by the government to rationalise its claim. The third option is also not the author’s opinion as it isn’t clearly stated anywhere and we cannot base our answer on assumptions. The second point however is mentioned by the author in the third paragraph: ‘the salary and terms and conditions of service of the CIC are the same as those of the Chief Election Commissioner, equal in status to a Supreme Court judge’

  1. How does the amendment undermine the power of CIC?

(a) It does so by undermining the protection of the CIC

(b) By threatening the tenure of the CIC, it undermines its power

(c) It does so by bringing the decisions of the CIC under review of the High Courts

(d) Both (b) and (c)

(e) All (a), (b) and (c)

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. The first line of the third paragraph states ‘In one stroke, the security of tenure of an adjudicating authority, whose mandate is to intervene in favour of information-seekers against powerful regimes and bureaucrats, has been undermined.’ The CIC’s orders have always been liable to judicial review by courts

  1. Which of the following serves as the most suitable title of the passage?

(a) Undermining RTI

(b) Threats to Democracy

(c) Amendments to RTI

(d) Challenge to autonomy

(e) Government’s intervention a threat

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Option (a) is the best option as it conveys the gist of the paragraph while the rest fail to provide the same meaning.

 

Directions (6-10):  In the following questions a sentence is given, some words of the sentence are given in bold which may have grammatical error or they may be contextually incorrect. Two columns (A) and (B) are given, column (A) consists of bold words of the sentence and column (B) consists of the appropriate replacement for the bold words. Match the correct replacements. If the sentence is correct mark no error as your answer.

  1. The elections will takeforward the process towardsfull surrender to rural and urban local bodies.

COLUMN A COLUMN B

(A) Take (D) Took

(B) Towards (E) Toward

(C) Surrender (F) Devolution

 

(a) A-F

(b) C-F

(c) B-D

(d) A-E

(e) No error

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. Devolution means the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level

Surrender means the action of surrendering to an opponent or powerful influence
So, ‘surrender’ in its current position is not imparting any contextual meaning to the sentence but replacing it with ‘Devolution’ will make the given sentence both grammatically as well as contextually correct. Hence, the correct answer choice would be option (b

  1. With more than 7,000 start-up, the Delhi-NCR area now hasthe largest number of active start-ups in the country, pipping citieslike Bengaluru, Chennai and Mumbai.

COLUMN A COLUMN B

(A) Start-up (D) start-ups

(B) has (E) have

(C) cities (F) city

 

(a) A-D

(b) C-D

(c) A-F

(d) B-E

(e) No error

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Here usage of ‘Start-up’ is incorrect instead it should be ‘Start-ups’ because we add ‘s’ if we don’t give an exact number. For example: several million years and we add ‘s’ when we give an exact number. For example: two million pounds. Hence, the correct answer choice would be option (a)

  1. India’s decision to shut down oil importsfrom Iran owing to sanctions impliedby the United States is also hurting India-Iran bilateral trade

COLUMN A COLUMN B

(A) Imports (D) Exports

(B) Implied (E) Imposed

(C) Is (F) are

 

(a) A-F

(b) C-D

(c) A-E

(d) B-E

(e) No error

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. In the given question, usage of ‘Implied’ is incorrect instead it should be ‘Imposed’ because ‘Implied’ means suggested but not directly expressed and ‘Imposed’ means force (an unwelcome decision or ruling) on someone. Remaining words are correct in their current usage. Hence, the correct answer choice would be option (d)

  1. A Delhi court has grantedprotection from arrest sinceNovember 5 to Shehla Rashid, former vice-president of the Jawaharlal Nehru University Students’ Union, in a sedition case.

COLUMN A COLUMN B

(A) Granted (D) Assured

(B) Since (E) till

(C) Sedition (F) Probate

(a) A-F

(b) B-E

(c) C-D

(d) A-E

(e) No error

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. In the given statement use of ‘since’ is incorrect because to use ‘since’ in the given sentence the tense should be in present perfect continuous which has structure of ‘has/have been + the present participle (root + -ing) + since/for’ but as this is not the case so it should be replaced with ‘till’. Remaining words have no error in them. Hence, the correct answer choice would be option (b

  1. Pakistan’s nefariousdesigns will never succeed becausethe people of India are united in their determinant to preserve our territorial integrity

COLUMN A COLUMN B

(A) Nefarious (D) Endured

(B) Because (E) Although

(C) Determinant (F) Determination

 

(a) C-F

(b) C-D

(c) B-F

(d) A-E

(e) No error

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. In the given statement, usage of ‘Determinant’ is incorrect because ‘Determinant’ means a factor which decisively affects the nature or outcome of something whereas ‘Determination’ means the quality of being determined; firmness of purpose. So the correct word to make the given sentence contextually meaningful should be ‘Determination’. Hence, the correct answer choice would be option (a)

 

 

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