SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz – 4

SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz

English Language plays a very crucial role in every competitive examination. With consistent practice, candidates can ace this section in examination. In this article, we bring to you SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz to boost your preparation. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz contains various types of questions ranging from easy to difficult level. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz is absolutely FREE. Candidates will be provided with a detailed explanation of each question in this SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz. In order to be able to answer questions quickly and efficiently in upcoming exams, aspirants must practice this SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz.

 

Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them, while answering some of the questions.

 

The wakeup call that China represents to India is not limited to its showpiece urban centers or that New Delhi hopes India will experience the benefits that the Olympic Games have brought to Beijing. More pertinent is the comparison of the agricultural sectors of the two countries. Why and how has china managed to outstrip India in agriculture when 25 years ago the two countries were on par on most parameters? Both have traditionally been agrarian economies and over half their populations continue to depend on the land for their livelihood. With large populations and histories of famine, India and china share concern on issues such as food security.

 

However, while India’s agricultural sector is projected to grow by about 2.5 per cent this year a slide from the previous year’s growth; China’s has been steadily growing at between 4 per cent and 5 per cent over the last fifteen years. The widest divergence between India and China is in the profitable horticultural sector with the production of fruits and vegetables in china leaping from 60 million tons in 1980 compared to India’s 55 million tons at the same time, to 450 million tons in 2003 ahead of India’s corresponding 135 million tones. China’s added advantage lies in the more diversified composition of its agricultural sector with animal husbandry and fisheries which account for close to 45 per cent growth compared to 30 per cent for India.

 

According to the latest report by the Economic Advisory council, the traditional excuses for India’s substandard performance in the farm sector are inadequate since India is placed favorably when compared to China in terms of quantity of arable land, average farm size, farm mechanization etc. the reasons for China having outperformed India are threefold: technological improvements accruing from research and development (china has over 1,000 R &D centers devoted to agriculture), investment in rural infrastructure and an increasingly liberalized agricultural policy moving away from self- sufficiency to leveraging the competitive advantage with a focus on “efficiency as much as equity”.

 

Investment in rural infrastructure, roads, storage facilities marketing facilities are also crucial but government support in India has mainly been through subsidies, not investment. There has been much debate about subsidies and their utility: the opposing view being that subsidies are against the market reforms and distort the market as well as reduce resource efficiency. In contrast to the 2.046 applications for the registration of new plant varieties in China over the past few years, data reveals that despite India having the largest number of agricultural scientists in the world, India’s current research track record is abysmal, equivalent to what china achieved in the 1980s. For from developing new strains, the number of field crop varieties fell by 50 per cent between 1997 and 2001 despite the number of field crop varieties fell by 50 per cent between 1997 and 2001 despite the fact that there was sharp and sustained increase in funding.

 

One reason is that majority of the budget is eaten up by staff salaries with only 3 per cent being allotted for research. In contrast, most agricultural research centers in China must use Central government funding purely for research. Funds relating to salaries and other administrative incidentals must be generated by the centers themselves. The centers and scientists are thus encouraged to engage in joint ventures with private sector companies to form commercial signoffs from their research. In fact, research staffs are now being hired on a contract basis with pay based on performance and salaries raised proportionately for those who perform well. India needs to learn from China’s example and adopt a pragmatic approach if it has to meet its targets of the Eleventh Five year Plan.

 

  1. Which of the following is an advantage that India holds over China with respect to the agricultural sector?

(a)  Lack of diversification of the agricultural sector.

(b)  Superior technology and farming practices

(c)  Greater prevalence of farm mechanization

(d)  Provision of fertilizer and power subsidies.

(e) None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp.  India is placed favorably when compared to china in terms of Quantity of arable land, average farm size farm mechanization, “since India is placed favorably when compared to China in terms of quantity of arable land, average farm size, farm mechanization etc.” Hence option (c) is the correct choice.

 

  1. Why was there a drop in development of new crop varieties for five years from 997?

(a) Government funding for research fell during that period.

(b) Funds were diverted during this period to agricultural mechanization

(c) The private sector was not allowed to fund research.

(d) None of the above

(e) All of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. One of the reasons stated in the passage is Majority of the budget us eaten up by staff salaries with only 3 per cent being allotted for research. But the reason is not mentioned in any of the statements.

  1. What argument has been posted against implementation of subsidies?
  2. Subsides sacrifice equity for efficiency.
  3. Subsidies hamper efficient resource utilization.
  4. Subsidies reduce private sector investment and involvement in agriculture.

(a) Both (A) & (B)

(b) Only (B)

(c) Both (B) & (C)

(d) Only (A)

(e) None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. There has been much debate about subsidies and their utility; the opposing view being that subsidies are against the market reforms and distorts the market as well as reduces resource efficiency.

  1. Which of the following cannot be said about Indian agricultural universities?
  2. Attendance is poor because of the dwindling funds to carry out research.
  3. Enrollments of students and qualified staff have fallen because of the lack of funds for salaries.
  4. Allotment for research funding by the government, is non-existent

(a) Only (B)

(b) Both (A) & (B)

(c) Both (B) & (C)

(d) All (A), (B) & (C)

(e) None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp.  According to the passage none of the following can be said about Indian agricultural universities. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

  1.  Which of the following is not responsible for China’s successful transformation of its agricultural sector?
  2. Change in philosophy from self- sufficiency to competitiveness and efficiency
  3. Greater allocation for subsidies
  4. Increased internment marketing and distribution network

(a) Only (B)

(b) Both (B) & (c)

(c) North (A) & (C)

(d) All (A), (B), & (C)

(e) None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. China has concentrated on investment rather than on subsidies, “Investment in rural infrastructure, roads, storage facilities marketing facilities are also crucial but government support in India has mainly been through subsidies, not investment.” Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

 

Directions (6-10): In each of the question given below a/an idiom/phrase is given in bold which is then followed by five options which then tries to decipher its meaning as used in the sentence. Choose the option which gives the meaning of the phrase most appropriately in context of the given sentence.

  1. I’m banking onyou to help with the charity event.

(a)pretend

(b)rely

(c)doubt

(d)faith

(e)inhibit

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. The phrasal verb “bank on” means “to base your hopes on something / someone”. Thus, the most appropriate meaning among the given options is “rely” which means “depend on with full trust or confidence”. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.

  1. His plans to trek through South America fell throughwhen he got sick.

(a)ascend

(b)overturn

(c)slip

(d)fail

(e)deteriorate

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. The phrasal verb “fell through” means “to fail; doesn’t happen”. Thus, the most appropriate meaning among the given options is “fail”. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

Ascend means rise or move up through the air.

  1. We hope they can iron outtheir differences and get on with working together.

(a)resolve

(b)question

(c)conclude

(d)facilitate

(e)upset

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. The phrasal verb “iron out” means to remove problems or find solutions, or to resolve by discussion, eliminate differences. Thus, among the given options, the most appropriate meaning is “resolve”. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

  1. He finished his cup of tea and got on withthe gardening.

(a)yield

(b)retrogress

(c)persist

(d)stay

(e)last

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. The phrasal verb “get on with” means to start or continue doing something, especially work. Thus, among the given options, the most appropriate meaning is “persist” which means “continue to exist; be prolonged”.  Hence option (c) is the correct choice.

Retrogress means go back to an earlier state, typically a worse one.

  1. He’s never made an effort to keep up withcurrent events.

(a)surpass

(b)deadlock

(c)measure

(d)work

(e)parallel

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. The phrasal verb “keep up with” means “to continue to be informed about something”, or “move or progress at the same rate as someone or something else.”. Thus, among the given options, the most appropriate meaning is “parallel”. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.

Deadlock means a situation, typically one involving opposing parties, in which no progress can be made.

 

 

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