SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz – 29

SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz

Almost all major competitive exams in the country have a section on English Language, and it is also one of the most scoring sections. Candidates can ace this section in exams if they practice regularly in a dedicated manner. So here we are providing you with the SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz to help you prepare better. This SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz includes all of the most recent pattern-based questions, as well as Previous Year Questions. This SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz is totally FREE. Candidates will be provided with a detailed explanation of each question in this SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz. Candidates must practice this SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz to achieve a good score in the English Language Section.

Directions (1-7): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given bellow it. Certain words/phrases are printed in bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.

In the second week of August 1998, just a few days after the incident of bombing the US embassies in Nairobi and Dare Salaam, high powered brain-storming session was held near Washington DC to discuss various aspects of terrorism. The meeting was attended by America’s leading experts in various fields such as germ and chemical warfare, public health disease control and also by the doctors and the law-enforcing officers. Being asked to describe the horror of possible bio-attack one of the experts narrated the following gloomy scenario.

A culprit in a crowded business centre or in a busy shopping mall of a town empties a test tube containing some fluid, which in turn creates an unseen cloud of germ of a dreaded disease like anthrax capable of inflicting a horrible death

within 5 days on any one who inhales it. At first, 500 or so victims feel that they have mild influenza which may recede after a day or two. Then the symptoms return again and their lungs start filling with fluid. They rush to local hospitals for treatment but the panic-stricken people may find that the medicare services run quickly out of drugs due to excessive demand. But no one would be able to realise that a terrorist attack has occurred. One cannot deny the possibility that the germ involved would be of contagious variety capable of causing an epidemic. The meeting concluded that such attacks, apart from causing immediate human tragedy would have dire long-term effects on the political and social fabric of a country by way of ending people’s trust on the competence of the government.

The experts also said that the bombs used in Kenya and Tanzania were of the old-fashion variety and involved quantities of high explosives, but new terrorism will prove to be more deadly and probably more elusive than hijacking an aeroplane or a gelignite of previous decades. According to Bruce Hoffman, an American specialist on political violence, old terrorism generally had a specific manifesto—to overthrow a colonial power or the capitalist system and so on. These terrorists were not shy about planting a bomb or hijacking an aircraft and they set some limit to their brutality. Killing so many innocent people might turn their natural supporters off. Political terrorists want a lot of people watching but not a lot of people dead. “Old terrorism sought to change the world while the new sort is often practised by those who believe that the world has gone beyond redemption”, he added.

Hoffman says, “New terrorism has no long-term agenda but is ruthless in its short-term intentions. It is often just a cacophonous cry of protest or an outburst of religious intolerance or a protest against the West in general and the US in particular. Its perpetrators may be religious fanatics or diehard opponent of a government and see no reason to show restraint. They are simply intent on inflicting the maximum amount of pain on the victim.”

  1. In what way would the new terrorism be different from that of the earlier years?

(i) More dangerous and less baffling

(ii) More hazardous for victims

(iii) Less complicated for terrorists

(a) (i) and (iii) only

(b) (ii) and (iii) only

(c) (i) and (ii) only

(d) All the three

(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. Sentence (i) has not been discussed in the passage. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.

  1. What was the immediate provocation for the meeting held in August 1998?

(a) the insistence of America’s leading

(b) the horrors of possible bio- attacks

(c) a culprit’s heinous act of spreading germs

(d) people’s lack of trust in the government

(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. None of the above sentences is correct.

  1. The author’s purpose of writing the above passage seems to explain

(a) the methods of containing terrorism

(b) the socio-political turmoil in African countries

(c) the deadly strategies adopted by modern terrorists

(d) reasons for killing innocent people

(e) the salient features of terrorism of yesteryears

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. The passage revolves around the theme of how terrorists acquired the strategies leading to hazardous situation.

  1. According to the author of the passage, the root cause of terrorism is

(i) religious fanaticism

(ii) socio-political changes in countries

(iii) the enormous population growth

(a) (i) only

(b) (ii) only

(c) (iii) only

(d) (i) and (ii) only

(e) All the three

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Refer the third sentence of the last paragraph “Its perpetrators may be religious fanatics or diehard opponent of a government and see no reason to show restraint.”

  1. The phrase “such attacks”, as mentioned in the last sentence of the second paragraph, refers to

(a) The onslaught of an epidemic as a natural calamity

(b) Bio-attack on political people in the government

(c) Attack aimed at damaging the reputation of the government

(d) Bio- attack manoeuvred by unscrupulous elements

(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Referring to second paragraph of the passage, here such attacks is referred to unscrupulous elements like anthrax virus.

  1. Which of the following statements is true about new terrorism?

(a) Its immediate objectives are quite tragic

(b) It has far-sighted goals to achieve

(c) It can differentiate between the innocent people and the guilty

(d) It is free from any political ideology(e) It advocates people to change the socio-political order

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Refer the first and last sentence of the last paragraph.

  1. Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning to the word ‘elusive’ as used in the passage.

(a) Harmful

(b) Fatal

(c) Destructive

(d) Baffling

(e) Obstructing

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Elusive means difficult to find, catch, or achieve. Hence it has same meaning as baffling.

Directions (8–10) : Which of the words/phrases (a), (b), (c) and (d) given below should replace the words/phrases given in bold in the following sentences to make it meaningful and grammatically correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, mark (e) as the answer. 

  1. The oncoming Assembly elections in Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh will really show whether the Lok Sabha would be captured by the BJP or not. However, the future is baneful. The suppression of Ram mandir issue could shape the future of the country and would contract the nation further.

(a)Resulting, encouraging, resurgence, affect

(b)Pending, promising, freshening, divide

(c)Future, propitious, rally, oppose

(d)Forthcoming, ominous, revival, polarize

(e)No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Ominous means giving the worrying impression that something bad is going to happen; threateningly inauspicious.

Polarize means divide or cause to divide into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs.

  1. Centuries of candle smokeand visiting pilgrims had left the shrine discoloured and almost black.

Parts of it were also coming loose, with warnings that it was structurally unsound and posed a risk to the millions of pilgrims who visit the site every year.

(a)Gas, defiled, unsafe, crusaders

(b)Mist, colored, fragile, sojourners

(c)Fog, pied, reliable, devotees

(d)Kindle, dreary, firm, explorers

(e)No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. Unsound means not safe or robust; in poor condition.

Pilgrims means persons who journey to a sacred place for religious reasons.

Kindle means arouse or inspire (an emotion or feeling).

  1. Macroeconomic clues in advanced economies have been positive over the past two months, but major challenges remained with ongoing leftover capacity in the global economy and capacious geo-political worry, said Reserve Bank of New Zealand governor Graeme Wheeler.

(a)Guide, unused, huge, query

(b)Indicators, surplus, extensive, uncertainty

(c)Pointers, essential, wide, trust

(d)Models, remittance, substantial, definiteness

(e)No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. Extensive means covering or affecting a large area.

Remittance means a sum of money sent in payment or as a gift.

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