SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz – 59

SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz

English Language plays a very crucial role in every competitive examination. With consistent practice, candidates can ace this section in examination. In this article, we bring to you SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz to boost your preparation. This SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz contains various types of questions ranging from easy to difficult level. This SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz is absolutely FREE. Candidates will be provided with a detailed explanation of each question in this SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz. In order to be able to answer questions quickly and efficiently in upcoming exams, aspirants must practice this SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz.

Directions (1-5): Rearrange the following sentences to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions that follow.

(A) Let us assume that the secrecy pact should not have been signed in 2008 or that it was not applicable to the IGA for 36 aircraft.

(B) The government is now moving to enact a data privacy law, the Justice Shri Krishna Committee has released a comprehensive report and the consultation process is coming to a close.

(C) The government is keen to assure the judges and the public that there are enough safeguards to keep the programme legal.

(D) But the privacy law will impact more than the future of Aadhaar.

(E) The Supreme Court recently affirmed a fundamental right to privacy.

(F) Multiple legal challenges against Aadhaar — many involving citizens’ privacy — are being heard before the Supreme Court.

(G) It will set the terms on which Indians share intimate data about themselves with both the government and a growing number of private companies.

  1. If the sentence (E), “The Supreme Court recently affirmed a fundamental right to privacy.” is the first sentence of the paragraph so formed after the rearrangement, which of the following sentences does not belong to the paragraph?

(a) B

(b) D

(c) G

(d) F

(e) A

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. If (E) is the first sentence of the paragraph so formed after the rearrangement, the statement (A) does not seem to be the part of the paragraph. The first statement of the paragraph gives a valid clue that the theme of the paragraph revolves around the affirmation of fundamental right to privacy by the Supreme Court and its subsequent implications on Aadhaar. However, the statement (A) makes out a different topic which is contextually incorrect; it is about the secrecy pact signed in 2008 which has no relevance with any other statement of the paragraph. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.

  1. If the sentence (G), “It will set the terms on which Indians share intimate data about themselves with both the government and a growing number of private companies.”is the last sentence of the paragraph so formed after the rearrangement of other sentences and the exclusion of incoherent sentence, which of the following sentences can follow the sentence (G) coherently?

(a) Already, the Committee might be walking a troublesome path.

(b) But this is just as likely to create real threats.

(c) A more forensic assessment of the threats of big data exceptionalism is needed.

(d) It is easy to remove protections; it is hard to put them back in place.

(e) The frequency and fallout of data breaches becomes more apparent each day, from Aadhaar in India to Equifax in the US.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. The sentence (a) makes a proper and logical connection with the sentence (G) as it is mentioned in the statement that it will set the terms on which Indians share their intimate data with both the government and private companies which may not be easy for the Justice Shri Krishna Committee. Other sentences given as options cannot be put immediately after the last statement of the coherent paragraph so formed as they are irrelevant and lack the flow of continuity. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

  1. If the sentence (E), “The Supreme Court recently affirmed a fundamental right to privacy.” is the first sentence of the paragraph so formed after the rearrangement of other sentences and the exclusion of incoherent one, which of the following combinations denotes that the latter sentence would immediately follow its former one i.e., the first sentence would be immediately followed by the second one?

(a) E-B

(b) D-A

(c) A-F

(d) B-G

(e) F-B

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. If (E) is the first sentence of the coherent paragraph, the combination of sentences (E) and (B) makes a valid and appropriate connection with each other. It can be viewed by reading the sentence (E) properly which mentions, “The Supreme Court recently affirmed a fundamental right to privacy.” Thus, the next sentence should contain the data which should be the aftereffects of the decision. The sentence (B) coherently follows the first one as it tells about the action taken by the government to enact a data privacy law. Thus, the latter sentence follows the former one coherently and meaningfully which is not the case with the other combinations given as options. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

  1. If the sentence (C), “The government is keen to assure the judges and the public that there are enough safeguards to keep the programme legal.” follows the sentence (F) after rearranging the other sentences into a coherent paragraph and excluding the incoherent sentence, which of the following sentences can come in between the two statements without altering the theme of the paragraph?

(a) Big data exceptionalism is an attractive position, no doubt.

(b) So concerns over squelching innovation are likely overblown.

(c) Unregulated data collection opens up new modes of surveillance.

(d) So the focus should be exclusively on preventing harmful uses and outcomes data.

(e) None of the above.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. None of the given statements can come in between the two statements as they fail to connect with either of the sentences. Moreover, the statements given as options are out of the context which have no relevance with the theme of the paragraph. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.

  1. If the sentence (E), “The Supreme Court recently affirmed a fundamental right to privacy.” is the first statement and the sentence (G) “It will set the terms on which Indians share intimate data about themselves with both the government and a growing number of private companies.” is the last of the coherent paragraph so formed after the rearrangement of other sentences and the elimination of the incoherent one, which of the following options depicts the most appropriate sequence of the coherent paragraph?

(a) EADFBG

(b) EBFCDG

(c) EDACFG

(d) EACFDG

(e) ECFBDG

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. If (E) is the first and (G) is the last statements, the sentences in the sequence of EBFCDG form a coherent paragraph which is about the affirmation of fundamental right to privacy by the Supreme Court and its subsequent implications on Aadhaar. The question can be quickly solved by taking the help of previous questions asked in the format. In the previous question, it is clearly mentioned that the sentence (C) follows the sentence (F) after the correct rearrangement of sentences and elimination of the incoherent one. This can be visualized in the option (b) only. Other sequences are not in proper order to make the paragraph coherent. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.

Directions (6-10): In each of the following questions, there are two phrases/group of words marked in bold which are either grammatically incorrect or not in formation with the correct sentence structure. Choose the best alternative among the four options given below each question to replace these two phrases to make the sentence meaningful and grammatically correct. In case both the phrases are correct, choose (e) i.e. ‘No correction required’ as your answer.

  1. The challenge will likely be more stubborn over the circumstances in the ongoing Fourth Industrial Revolution that has already fundamentally changed the way people live, work and connect to each other by eliminating physical boundaries and overcoming technology limitations.

(a) given the circumstances, which has already changed fundamentally

(b) after the circumstances like, which is changing fundamentally

(c) under the circumstances of, that is already fundamentally changing

(d) considering circumstance of, that has been fundamentally changing

(e) No correction required.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. “under the circumstances of, that is already fundamentally changing” makes the sentence grammatically correct. The phrase “under the circumstances” means “given the difficult nature of the situation”.

  1. One might argue that the figures of job loss in ASEAN, which comprises only ten Asian countries, are not sufficiently persuasive and representative to prove that developing Asian countries would probably be more negatively affected by Revolution 4.0.

(a) comprising of, will probably be more

(b) consisting, could be probably more

(c) which comprised of, may probably be more

(d) that consist of, are probably more

(e) No correction required.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. The given sentence does not require any correction. It is grammatically correct.

  1. The unhealthy “development” is actually a realistic reflection on how society is dividing so that everyone’s bona fides are now suspect, and members of minority communities are constantly in requirement of re-prove their national credentials.

(a) how society has been divided, required to

(b) how society has divided, requiring to

(c) how society could be divided, require to

(d) how society is being divided, required of

(e) No correction required.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. “how society has been divided, required to” is the correct usage to make the sentence grammatically correct. It is to be noted that the sentence is in passive form, that’s why “has been divided” is the correct usage.

  1. In a remarkable give-and-take ~ that has hitherto been in short supply ~ international creditors could agree to disburse Euro 7.5 billion in emergency loans to enable the country honour matured debt repayments.

(a) are agreed to disburse, honouring matured

(b) have agreed to disburse, to honour maturing

(c) had agreed in disbursing, of honouring matured

(d) agreed to disburse, to honour matured

(e) No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. “have agreed to disburse, to honour maturing” is the correct usage as the sentence is in Present tense. Also, “to honour maturing debt repayments” makes the sentence meaningful.

  1. We have been sufficiently alerted about what the future may hold, but thus far we have been unable to step out from the path to disaster that has been mapped out for us.

(a) might hold, that had been mapped out

(b) can hold, what is being mapped out

(c) will hold, which have been mapped out

(d) would hold, that is mapped out

(e) No correction required.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. The given sentence is grammatically correct.

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