The Hindu Editorial Analysis : 2nd October 2023

The Hindu Editorial Analysis

The Importance of Reading The Hindu Editorial: Reading The Hindu newspaper has several benefits, including improving reading skills, facilitating comprehension, staying informed of current events, enhancing essay writing, and more. For individuals aiming for a career in banking, reading editorials is crucial for vocabulary building. In this article, we will examine today’s editorials, provide practice questions, and highlight important vocabulary words.

The Hindu is now synonymous with civil services aspirants. What brought on this cult readership?

Monsoon message.

  • Two notable aspects of the southwest monsoon (June-September) were evident. After four years, we experienced a monsoon slightly below the average, with cumulative rainfall measuring 82 cm, which was equivalent to 94.4% of the long-term average.
  • Within this overall statistic, what stood out were the significant monthly fluctuations in rainfall. While July and September saw rainfall at 113% of the long-term average, August witnessed a meager 64%.
  • One consequence of climate change is the increased frequency and intensity of heavy rainfall events. The IPCC had projected that extreme daily precipitation events would intensify by 7% for every 1°C of global warming.
  • This necessitates a shift in India’s agricultural policy, particularly concerning the cornerstone of the procurement system for rice and wheat.
  • This system secures the supply for approximately 800 million people targeted by the Public Distribution System (PDS).
  • The combination of the minimum support price and subsequent procurement guarantee forms the basis of a consistent supply, reducing operational risks for farmers.
  • Consequently, several states like Telangana, Odisha, and Chhattisgarh have made concerted efforts to procure rice.
  • However, a consequence of this trend is that India’s agricultural policy is not aligned with emerging climate risks.
  • Rice, known for its high water requirements, is increasingly supported by tube wells, exacerbating water stress and hindering electricity reforms.
  • The solution to break free from this predicament is to incentivize farmers to transition from paddy and wheat to millets. In 2023, the United Nations declared it the year of millets due to their nutritional and environmental benefits.
  • Among cereals, millets not only require less water but are also more resilient to climate changes.
  • Although India is the world’s largest producer of millets and the government encourages their cultivation, the reality is different.
  • The area under millet cultivation has steadily decreased over the past decade, covering only 21.2 million hectares in 2022-23, which is barely half the area devoted to rice.
  • To reverse this trend, the Indian government needs to support its intentions with a revised policy that places a higher priority on millet procurement.
  • Farmers respond to both price and demand, and currently, the minimum support price lacks adequate procurement support.
  • India’s climate adaptation strategy should aim to reduce economic risks associated with millet cultivation for farmers, and this can be achieved with relative ease.

Practice Questions:

  • The way to break out of this logam is to incentivise farmers to shift from paddy and wheat to millets.Discuss
  • Why do the combination of both minimum support price and a subsequent guarantee of procurement is the foundation of regular supply?

Important Vocabs:

  • Consent– to agree to something
  • Compensatory– intended to recompense someone who has experienced loss
  • Interoperable– able to exchange and make use of information
  • Mandates– the power that is officially given to a group of people to do something,
  • Castigate– to criticize, strongly oppose or punish somebody

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