The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  17th January 2022

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  17th January 2022

Having a good command of Vocabulary will help you to ace many competitive exams. So here We bring you The Hindu Vocab on daily basis to boost vocab power and help you in your preparation for exams like Banking, Railway, Insurance, SSC, and other Government exams.

 ‘Vocabulary’

  1. Slovenly (adj.)

Meaning: (especially of a person or their appearance) messy and dirty. (मैला-कुचैला)

Synonyms: scruffy, untidy, messy

Antonyms: smart, spruce, stylish

Sentence: He was upbraided for his slovenly appearance.

  1. Ascendancy (noun)

Meaning: occupation of a position of dominant power or influence. (प्रभुत्व)

Synonyms: dominance, domination, supremacy

Antonyms: impotence, impotency, powerlessness

Sentence: He slowly gained ascendancy in the group.

  1. Quintessence (noun)

Meaning: the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class. (सारांश)

Synonyms: perfect example, exemplar, prototype

Sentence: The Parthenon in Greece was considered the quintessence of the perfectly proportioned building.

  1. Perpetrated (verb)

Meaning: carry out or commit (a harmful, illegal, or immoral action). (पाप करना)

Synonyms: commit, carry out, perform

Antonyms: skimped, slighted, slurred

Sentence: A crime has been perpetrated against a sovereign state.

  1. Pagan (noun)

Meaning: a person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main world religions. (नास्तिक)

Synonyms: heathen, infidel, idolater

Antonyms: religious, sacred

Sentence: The temple was built by pagans in the 4th century as a place to worship their idols.

  1. Acrimonious (adj.)

Meaning: (typically of speech or a debate) angry and bitter. (उग्र)

Synonyms: bitter, rancorous, caustic

Antonyms: caring, gentle, kind

Sentence: Their marriage ended eight years ago in an acrimonious divorce

  1. Posthaste (adv.)

Meaning: with great speed or immediacy. (बहुत तेज़ी से)

Synonyms: immediately, promptly, readily

Antonyms: slowly, ploddingly, sluggishly

Sentence: Medical aid must be sent to the stricken area posthaste.

  1. Rancor (noun)

Meaning: bitterness or resentfulness, especially when long-standing. (विद्वेष)

Synonyms: bitterness, resentment, malice

Antonyms: amity, goodwill, sympathy

Sentence: I have no rancor against him.

  1. Fledgling (noun)

Meaning: a person who is just starting out in a field of activity (अनुभवहीन मनुष्य)

Synonyms: learner, student, trainee

Antonyms: expert, master, veteran

Sentence: In my junior year a friend, a fledgling pilot, taught me the basics of

handling a small plane.

  1. Diffidence (noun)

Meaning: modesty or shyness resulting from a lack of self-confidence. (संशय)

Synonyms: shyness, bashfulness, unassertiveness

Antonyms: impertinence, impudence, insolence

Sentence: He entered the room with a certain diffidence.

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