The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  21st January 2023

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  21st January 2023

Vocabulary forms the most important aspect of many competitive exams like Banking, Railway, Insurance, SSC, and other Government exams. So here We provide you with The Hindu Vocab on daily basis to enhance vocab power and help you in your preparation for various examinations.


  1. Benefaction (noun)

Meaning: a donation or gift. (दान)

Synonyms: charity, contribution, donation

Sentence: She made many charitable benefactions.

  1. Modicum (noun)

Meaning: a small quantity of a particular thing, especially something considered desirable or valuable. (अल्पांश)

Synonyms: little bit, small amount, particle

Antonyms: abundance, bucket, bunch

Sentence: There’s not even a modicum of truth in her statement.

  1. Squalor (noun)

Meaning: the state of being extremely dirty and unpleasant, especially as a result of poverty or neglect. (गंदगी)

Synonyms: dirtiness, squalidness, filth

Antonyms: purity, cleanliness, spotlessness

Sentence: I was shocked by the squalor of their surroundings.

  1. Senile (adj.)

Meaning: (of a person) having or showing the weaknesses or diseases of old age, especially a loss of mental faculties. (बूढ़ा)

Synonyms: aged, doddery, decrepit

Antonyms: adolescent, immature, young

Sentence: He is suffering from senile dementia.

  1. Verity (noun)

Meaning: a true principle or belief, especially one of fundamental importance. (सचाई)

Synonyms: facticity, factuality, truth

Antonyms: falseness, falsity, fallacy

Sentence: no one can question your verity

  1. Abstemious (adj.)

Meaning: not self-indulgent, especially when eating and drinking. (संयमी)

Synonyms: temperate, abstinent, austere

Antonyms: self-indulgent, gluttonous, greedy

Sentence: He is abstemious in life.

  1. Persecute (verb)

Meaning: subject (someone) to hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of their race or political or religious beliefs. (सताना)

Synonyms: oppress, abuse, victimize

Antonyms: comfort, console, assist

Sentence: His followers were persecuted by the authorities.

  1. Grating (adj.)

Meaning: sounding harsh and unpleasant. (कर्कश)

Synonyms: croaking, croaky, gravel

Antonyms: gentle, gliding, melodious

Sentence: She recognized the grating voice of Dr. Sarnoff.

  1. Incommunicado (adj.)

Meaning: not able, wanting, or allowed to communicate with other people. (सम्पर्क-वर्जित)

Synonyms: uncommunicable, unspeakable

Antonyms: communicable, expressible

Sentence: His secretary says he will be incommunicado for the rest of the day.

  1. Aegis (noun)

Meaning: the protection, backing, or support of a particular person or organization. (संरक्षण)

Synonyms: patronage, protection, shelter

Antonyms: assault, attack, offense

Sentence: The space programme will continue under the aegis of the armed forces.

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