The Hindu Editorial VOCAB: 23rd September 2021
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- Espionage (noun)
Meaning: the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information. (जासूसी)
Synonyms: spying, undercover work, surveillance
Sentence: The whole emphasis of the first Act in 1889 was on espionage and treason
- Subservient (adj.)
Meaning: prepared to obey others unquestioningly. (अधीन)
Synonyms: submissive, deferential, acquiescent
Antonyms: disrespectful, impolite, impudent
Sentence: She was subservient to her parents.
- Aloof (adj.)
Meaning: not friendly or forthcoming; cool and distant. (अलग)
Synonyms: distant, detached, unresponsive
Antonyms: cordial, friendly, sociable
Sentence: They were courteous but faintly aloof.
- Formidable (adj.)
Meaning: inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable. (दुर्जेय)
Synonyms: intimidating, forbidding, redoubtable
Antonyms: calming, comforting, consoling
Sentence: No government can be long secure without a formidable opposition.
- Chum (noun)
Meaning: a close friend. (दोस्त)
Synonyms: friend, companion, intimate
Antonyms: enemy, foe
Sentence: Freddie’s an old-school chum of mine.
- Acrimonious (adj.)
Meaning: (typically of speech or a debate) angry and bitter. (उग्र)
Synonyms: bitter, rancorous, caustic
Antonyms: caring, gentle, kind
Sentence: Their marriage ended eight years ago in an acrimonious divorce
- Transgress (verb)
Meaning: infringe or go beyond the bounds of (a moral principle or other established standard of behavior). (उल्लंघन करना)
Synonyms: misbehave, behave badly, break the law
Antonyms: forgive, justify, pardon
Sentence: Your words mustn’t transgress the local laws.
- Commotion (noun)
Meaning: a state of confused and noisy disturbance. (हल्ला गुल्ला)
Synonyms: disturbance, ruckus, uproar
Antonyms: calm, hush, peace
Sentence: She was distracted by a commotion across the street.
- Indecisive (adj.)
Meaning: not settling an issue. (दुविधा में पड़ा हुआ)
Synonyms: inconclusive, proving nothing, settling nothing
Antonyms: conclusive, decisive, definable
Sentence: He was criticized as a weak and indecisive leader.
- Malediction (noun)
Meaning: a magical word or phrase uttered with the intention of bringing about evil or destruction. (फटकार)
Synonyms: ban, curse, execration
Antonyms: benediction, benison, blessing
Sentence: He was answered with a torrent of malediction.
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