The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  30th April 2022

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  30th April 2022

Having a good command of Vocabulary will help you to ace many competitive exams. So here We bring you The Hindu Vocab on daily basis to boost vocab power and help you in your preparation for exams like Banking, Railway, Insurance, SSC, and other Government exams.

 ‘Vocabulary’

  1. Collude (verb)

Meaning: cooperate in a secret or unlawful way in order to deceive or gain an advantage over others (सांठगांठ)

Synonyms: combine, conspire, collaborate

Antonyms: differ, disagree, split

Sentence: He accused his opponents of colluding with one another.

  1. Retrospective (adj.)

Meaning: looking back on or dealing with past events or situations. (पूर्वप्रभावी)

Synonyms: backdated, retroactive, backward-looking

Antonyms: silly, thoughtless

Sentence: our survey was retrospective.

  1. Precept (noun)

Meaning: a general rule intended to regulate behavior or thought. (नियम)

Synonyms: principle, rule, tenet

Sentence: You won’t find this moral precept in the scriptures.

  1. Adamant (adj.)

Meaning: refusing to be persuaded or to change one’s mind. (हठी)

Synonyms: adamantine, bullheaded, inconvincible

Antonyms: acquiescent, agreeable, flexible

Sentence: He is adamant that he is not going to resign.

  1. Onerous (adj.)

Meaning: (of a task, duty, or responsibility) involving an amount of effort and difficulty that is oppressively burdensome. (कष्टदायक)

Synonyms: burdensome, inconvenient, troublesome

Antonyms: comfortable, cozy, easy

Sentence: This is the most onerous task I have ever undertaken.

  1. Reciprocity (noun)

Meaning: the practice of exchanging things with others for mutual benefit, especially privileges granted by one country or organization to another. (आदान-प्रदान करना)

Synonyms: collaboration, mutualism, harmony

Antonyms: antagonism, antipathy, enmity

Sentence: The proposal calls for reciprocity in trade relations.

  1. Corroborating (verb)

Meaning: confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding). (की पुष्टि)

Synonyms: confirm, verify, endorse

Antonyms: confuting, disproving, refuting

Sentence: Recent research seems to corroborate his theory.

  1. Gratuitous (adj.)

Meaning: uncalled for; lacking good reason; unwarranted. (ऐच्छिक)

Synonyms: unjustified, without reason, uncalled for

Antonyms: essential, indispensable, necessary

Sentence: There’s too much crime and gratuitous violence on TV.

  1. Immaculate (adj.)

Meaning: (especially of a person or their clothes) perfectly clean, neat, or tidy. (निर्मल)

Synonyms: clean, spotless, pristine

Antonyms: coarse, dirty, filthy

Sentence: The property is in immaculate condition.

  1. Pithily (adv.)

Meaning: in a few words (मतलब की बात)

Synonyms: briefly, compactly, concisely

Antonyms: diffusely, long-windedly, verbosely

Sentence: The observation that “War is hell” is how General Sherman pithily summed up his experiences in combat.

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