The Hindu Review Daily Gk Update : 7th March 2019
♠The Hindu Review♠
♦ President Presents Swachh Survekshan 2019 Awards
- Indore has been awarded the cleanest city in the country in the Swachh Survekshan 2019 (SS 2019) awards while Bhopal has been declared as the cleanest capital. Ujjain has bagged the award for being the cleanest city in the population category of 3 lakh to 10 lakh. The awards were presented by the President, Shri Ram Nath Kovind at a function here today. Sh Hardeep S Puri, Minister of State (I/C) for Housing and Urban Affairs, Sh Durga Shanker Mishra, Secretary, MOHUA and awardees from all over the country were present at the function.
- Speaking on the occasion, the President said that India has made remarkable progress towards achieving the goals of rural and urban sanitation. He said, by winning the first prize in all the four surveys so far, Indore has set an example for other urban centres. The President said that cleanliness should be integral to the behaviour of every citizen to make it effective and sustainable. Many people pay attention to personal hygiene but remain apathetic to public and community cleanliness. Change in this mentality is important for achieving the goals of Swachh Bharat.
♦ Most polluted cities in the world; 7 of top 10 cities are in India
- Seven of the top 10 most polluted cities in the world are in India, a study showing South Asia’s battle with deteriorating air quality and the economic toll it’s expected to take worldwide, stated on Tuesday.
- Gurugram led the most polluted cities in the world in 2018, with Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Noida, and Bhiwadi in the top six worst-affected cities.
- What’s alarming, according to the report, is that air pollution is likely to cause the death of an estimated seven million lives globally in the next year while costing the world’s economy nearly $ 225 billion.
- The only non-Indian city in the top five list is Faisalabad, Pakistan.
- The index measures the presence of fine particulate matter known as PM2.5, a pollutant that can fester deep in the lungs and bloodstream of human beings.
- “This has enormous impacts, on our health and on our wallets,” Yeb Sano, executive director of Greenpeace Southeast Asia, said in a statement released with the figures. “In addition to human lives lost, there’s an estimated cost of $225 billion in lost labor, and trillions in medical costs.”
♦ 7th March 2019 to be celebrated as ‘JanaushadhiDiwas’ across India
- “With the initiative of Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi in the direction of making quality healthcare affordable for all, the Government has taken important steps to make affordable and quality generic medicines popular among the people through Pradhan MantriBhartiyaJanaushadhiPariyojana (PMBJP)”, said Shri Mansukh Mandaviya, Union Minister of State for Chemicals & Fertilizers, Road Transport & Highways, Shipping while addressing the media here today.
- The Minister informed thatfor providing further impetus & creating awareness about use of generic medicines, it has been decided to celebrate 7th March 2019 as ‘JanaushadhiDiwas’ across India. Hon’ble Prime Minister will interact with owners of JanaushadhiKendras and beneficiaries of the scheme across the country through video conference at 1:00 pm on 7th March, 2019. Talking about the future course of development, Shri Mandaviya added that with this pace of progress, all blocks in the country would have atleast 1 PMBJP Kendra by 2020.
- Citing Prime Minister’svision thatno poor person should die due to non-availability of good quality affordable medicines in the country, Shri Mandaviya said that with developments likemore and more doctors prescribing generic medicines and opening of over 5050Janaushadhistores across 652 districts, awareness and availability of high quality affordable generic medicines has increasedin the country. About 10-15 lakh people benefit from Janaushadhi medicines per day andthe market share of generic medicines has grownover three foldfrom 2% to 7%in last 3 years, the Minister added.
♦ Smt. Maneka Gandhi felicitates ‘Web Wonder Women’
- The Ministry of Women and Child Development hosted a felicitation event for Web Wonder Women, a campaign organised to celebrate the exceptional achievements of women, who have been driving social reforms via social media. As many as 30 women, who were selected after an extensive research process, were honoured by the Minister for Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi in New Delhi, on 6th March, 2019.
- Organised in collaboration with Twitter India and Breakthrough India, the event aimed to recognise the fortitude of Indian women stalwarts from across the globe who have used the power of social media to run positive campaigns to steer a change in society.
- “Women online, though niche, are a very powerful voice. #WebWonderWomen was a campaign to recognise, honour and encourage such voices that have in their own capacity driven a positive impact on social media platforms,” said Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi, Union Minister for Women and Child Development.
♦ RBI fines ICICI, SBI and 17 other banks for non-compliance on SWIFT use
- The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has fined at least 19 lenders, including top banks such as ICICI Bank and State Bank of India, for failing to comply with its guidelines on the use of global payments network SWIFT.
- The RBI imposed the fines over the past four days, according to stock exchange filings by the banks, though specifics of the non-compliance were not disclosed.
- Four bankers whose institutions were fined said that most of the issues related either to interpretation of the RBI’s guidelines or minor technical matters.
- These are petty, procedural issues like counterparty confirmation and nothing major or structural,” said one banker who is directly aware of the matter but declined to be named because he is not authorised to speak to the media.
♦ India has the cheapest mobile data in world: Study
- Helmed by billionaire Mukesh Ambani’s Jio, India has the cheapest mobile data in the world with 1GB costing just Rs 18.5 (USD 0.26) as compared to global average of about Rs 600, research by price comparison site Cable.co.uk showed.
- The average price of USD 0.26 for one gigabyte (GB) in India compares to USD 6.66 in the UK and USD 12.37 for the same amount of data in the US, the study, which compared mobile data charges in 230 countries, showed. The global average was USD 8.53 for 1GB.
- “A country whose young population has a particularly high technological awareness, India offers a vibrant smartphone market, with strong adoption and many competitors. Data, therefore, is quite staggeringly cheap,” it said.
- With over 430 million smartphone users, India is the second largest smartphone market in the world after China.
♦ ICC bans former Zimbabwe Cricket Director Enock Ikope for 10 years
- Former Zimbabwe Cricket Director Enock Ikope has been banned from all cricket for 10 years after the ICC Anti-Corruption Tribunal found him guilty of non-cooperation and obstruction of investigations.
- The Tribunal heard evidence that the ACU had established information during its investigation into the corrupt approach made by Rajan Nayer to Zimbabwe cricket Captain Graeme Cremer, which gave the ACU reasonable grounds to suspect that Ikope may have engaged in corrupt conduct under the Code.
- Nayer, then Treasurer and Marketing Director of the Harare Metropolitan Cricket Association (HMCA), was charged under the Code and banned from all cricket for 20 years.
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