Daily Current Affairs 14th Dec 2020 | Daily GK update Quiz

Daily Current Affairs 14th December 2020 Quiz:

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Q.1. Which state government has recently signed 18 MoUs worth Rs 19,955 cr, projects to create 26,500 jobs?

हाल ही में किस राज्य सरकार ने 26,500 नौकरियों का सृजन करने के लिए 19,955 करोड़ रुपये के 18 समझौता ज्ञापनों पर हस्ताक्षर किए हैं?

(a) Karnataka / कर्नाटक

(b) Telangana / तेलंगाना

(c) Odisha / ओडिशा

(d) Tamil Nadu / तमिल नाडू

(e) Andhra Pradesh / आंध्र प्रदेश

Answer & Explanation
Ans.1.(d)

Exp. Tamil Nadu government on 14th Dec signed 18 MoUs worth Rs 19,955 crore with an employment potential of 26,509 persons. Companies which signed the MoU include the Crown Group Of Companies, representing a Russian defence organisation, Ola Electric and Mahindra CIE among others.

The MoUs were signed in the presence of Tamil Nadu Chief Minister K Palaniswami.

Q.2. In which city RBI is going to set up an Automated Banknote Processing Centre (ABPC) for the receipt, storage and dispatch of currency notes?

आरबीआई किस शहर में मुद्रा नोटों की प्राप्ति, भंडारण और प्रेषण के लिए एक स्वचालित बैंक प्रसंस्करण केंद्र (ABPC) स्थापित करने जा रहा है?

(a) Mumbai / मुंबई

(b) Bangalore / बैंगलोर

(c) Lucknow / लखनऊ

(d) Kolkata / कोलकाता

(e) Jaipur / जयपुर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.2.(e)

Exp. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to set up an Automated Banknote Processing Centre (ABPC) in Jaipur for the receipt, storage and dispatch of currency notes.

The functions of the ABPC will also include processing of banknotes received from currency chests (CCs) and bank branches and destruction of soiled banknotes in an automated manner.

Q.3. With which country, India is going to set up energy task force?

किस देश के साथ, भारत ऊर्जा टास्क फोर्स का गठन करेगा?

(a) Bahrain / बहरीन

(b) Qatar / क़तर

(c) United States / संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका

(d) Australia / ऑस्ट्रेलिया

(e) Brazil / ब्राज़ील

Answer & Explanation
Ans.3.(b)

Exp. India and Qatar are to establish a task force on energy. The task force will be represented by a senior officer from petroleum Ministry of India and the vice president of Qatar petroleum. The task force is to identify projects in the Indian energy sector for Qatari investments.

These announcements were made after the telephone conversation between Minister of Petroleum and Natural gas and steel Shri Dharmendra Pradhan and his Qatar counterpart. Qatar holds around 1.5% of world oil reserves.  It ranks 14th in terms of oil production in the world.

Q.4. Which stock exchange has launched e-agricultural spot market platform ‘BEAM’?

किस स्टॉक एक्सचेंज ने ई-कृषि स्पॉट मार्केट प्लेटफॉर्म “BEAM” लॉन्च किया है?

(a) National stock exchange (NSE) / नेशनल स्टॉक एक्सचेंज (NSE)

(b) Calcutta stock exchange (CSE) / कलकत्ता स्टॉक एक्सचेंज (CSE)

(c) Bombay stock exchange (BSE) / बॉम्बे स्टॉक एक्सचेंज (BSE)

(d) Metropolitan stock exchange (MSE) / मेट्रोपॉलिटन स्टॉक एक्सचेंज (MSE)

(e) India International exchange (India INX) / इंडिया इंटरनेशनल एक्सचेंज (इंडिया INX)

Answer & Explanation
Ans.4.(c)

Exp. Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Ltd. has launched an electronic spot platform, “BSE E-Agricultural Markets Ltd (BEAM)”, for agricultural commodities through its subsidiary BSE Investments Ltd.

Aims: The platform boost the competitiveness of the Indian agricultural market by enhancing the strength of the BSE in financial markets, market technology and its vibrant ecosystem.

Q.5. Which organization has signed a memorandum of understanding with International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) on emergency medical teams?

किस संगठन ने आपातकालीन चिकित्सा टीमों पर इंटरनेशनल फेडरेशन ऑफ रेड क्रॉस एंड रेड क्रिसेंट सोसाइटीज (IFRC) के साथ एक समझौता ज्ञापन पर हस्ताक्षर किए हैं?

(a) United Nations Development Programme / संयुक्त राष्ट्र विकास कार्यक्रम

(b) World Health Organization / विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन

(c) Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development / आर्थिक सहयोग और विकास संगठन

(d) United Nations Human Rights Council / संयुक्त राष्ट्र मानवाधिकार परिषद

(e) United Nations Children’s Fund / संयुक्त राष्ट्र बाल कोष

Answer & Explanation
Ans.5.(b)

Exp. The Red Channel Agreement was signed between the World Health Organization and IFRC (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) to implement the Emergency Medical Team Initiative. The initiative will strengthen the delivery of health and emergency medical services during humanitarian crisis. This will enable the organizations to standardize emergency health response and also increase capacity building efforts.

Q.6. Which organization has decided to launch an international prize in the name of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in the field of ‘creative economy’?

किस संगठन ने “आर्थिक अर्थव्यवस्था” के क्षेत्र में बंगबंधु शेख मुजीबुर रहमान के नाम पर एक अंतर्राष्ट्रीय पुरस्कार शुरू करने का निर्णय लिया है?

(a) United Nations Development Programme / संयुक्त राष्ट्र विकास कार्यक्रम

(b) United Nations Environment Programme / संयुक्त राष्ट्र पर्यावरण कार्यक्रम

(c) United Nations Children’s Fund / संयुक्त राष्ट्र बाल निधि

(d) United Nations Human Rights Council / संयुक्त राष्ट्र मानवाधिकार परिषद

(e) United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization / संयुक्त राष्ट्र शैक्षिक, वैज्ञानिक और सांस्कृतिक संगठन

Answer & Explanation
Ans.6.(e)

Exp. The UNESCO has decided to launch an international prize in the field of ‘creative economy’ in the name of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Starting November 2021, the dollar 50 thousand award will be given away once in two years for global economic initiatives of the youth.

According to UNESCO, the international award will create a knowledge-sharing mechanism by capturing, celebrating and communicating best practice in the development of creative entrepreneurship.

Q.7. Name India’s first homemade mRNA Covid-19 vaccine (developed by Pune-based Gennova Biopharmaceuticals) which has got the permission to start human trials.

भारत के पहले होममेड mRNA कोविड-19 वैक्सीन (पुणे स्थित जेनोवा बायोफार्मास्युटिकल्स द्वारा विकसित) का नाम बताइए, जिसे मानव परीक्षण शुरू करने की अनुमति मिली है।

(a) Covishield / कोविशिल्ड

(b) AZD1222 / एज़ीडी1222

(c) Covaxin / कोवाक्सिन

(d) HGCO19 / एच.जी.सी.ओ.19

(e) ZyCoV-D / ZyCoV-D

Answer & Explanation
Ans.7.(d)

Exp. India’s first indigenous Covid-19 vaccine candidate, the mRNA one being developed by Pune-based Gennova Biopharmaceuticals, has received approval from drug regulators to initiate combined Phase 1/2 trials human clinical trial. The novel mRNA vaccine candidate, HGCO19, has been developed by Gennova and supported with a seed grant under the Ind-CEPI mission of the department of biotechnology of the Union ministry of science and technology.

Q.8. Who has won the Social Entrepreneur of the Year Award – India 2020?

वर्ष 2020 – भारत का सामाजिक उद्यमी पुरस्कार किसने जीता है?

(a) Shanti Hiranand / शांति हीरानंद

(b) Ashraf Patel / अशरफ पटेल

(c) Renjith Kumar / रंजित कुमार

(d) Rekha Menon / रेखा मेनन

(e) Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw / किरण मजुमदार-शॉ

Answer & Explanation
Ans.8.(b)

Exp. Ashraf Patel, the founder member and Board member of Pravah and ComMutiny – The Youth Collective (CYC) has been declared as the winner of the Social Entrepreneur of the Year (SEOY) Award – India 2020. The award was presented by the Union Minister of Women & Child Development & Textiles, Smriti Zubin Irani.

The SEOY award “recognizes entrepreneurs who implement innovative, sustainable and scalable solutions to solve India’s social problems

Q.9. Name the F1 racer who has won the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 2020.

उस एफ1 रेसर का नाम बताइए जिसने अबू धाबी ग्रां प्री 2020 जीता है।

(a) Valtteri Bottas / वाल्टेरी बोटास

(b) Sebastian Vettel / सेबस्टियन वेटेल

(c) Max Verstappen / मैक्स वेरस्टैपेन

(d) Charles Leclerc / चार्ल्स लेक्लेर

(e) Lewis Hamilton / लुईस हैमिल्टन

Answer & Explanation
Ans.9.(c)

Exp. Max Verstappen ends F1 season with processional win in Abu Dhabi. Max Verstappen (Belgian-Dutch, Redbull) brought the curtain down on the 2020 Formula One season with a lights-to-flag cruise to victory on Sunday in the year-ending Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.

Valtteri Bottas (2nd) and Lewis Hamilton (3rd) hold Position.

Q.10. National Energy Conservation Day is celebrated every year on ________________.

राष्ट्रीय ऊर्जा संरक्षण दिवस हर साल ________________ को मनाया जाता है।

(a) 14 December / 14 दिसम्बर

(b) 15 December / 15 दिसम्बर

(c) 16 December / 16 दिसम्बर

(d) 17 December / 17 दिसम्बर

(e) 18 December / 18 दिसम्बर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.10.(a)

Exp. 14 December – National Energy Conservation Day Every year ‘Energy Conservation Day’ is celebrated to raise awareness among the general public about the importance of energy conversation and energy efficiency.

The day focuses on making people aware of global warming and climate change and promotes efforts towards saving energy resources.

Q.11. Who is the present head of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)?

संयुक्त राष्ट्र शैक्षिक, वैज्ञानिक और सांस्कृतिक संगठन (यूनेस्को) के वर्तमान प्रमुख कौन हैं?

(a) Jin Liqun / जिन लिकुन

(b) Rafael Grossi / राफेल ग्रॉसी

(c) Audrey Azoulay / ऑड्रे अज़ोले

(d) Masatsugu Asakawa / मसत्सुगु असकवा

(e) Achim Steiner / अचिम स्टेनर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.11.(c)

Exp. Headquarters: Paris, France

Head: Audrey Azoulay

Founded: 16 November 1945, London, United Kingdom

Q.12. Where is the Headquarter of World Health Organization (WHO)?

विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन (WHO) का मुख्यालय कहाँ है?

(a) Paris, France / पेरिस, फ्रांस

(b) Geneva, Switzerland / जिनेवा, स्विट्जरलैंड

(c) Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur / मलेशिया, कुआलालंपुर

(d) London, United Kingdom / लंदन, यूनाइटेड किंगडम

(e) New York, United States / न्यूयॉर्क, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका

Answer & Explanation
Ans.12.(b)

Exp. Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

Q.13. Cauvery North Wildlife Sanctuary is located in which state?

कावेरी उत्तर वन्यजीव अभयारण्य किस राज्य में स्थित है?

(a) Tamil Nadu / तमिल नाडू

(b) Sikkim / सिक्किम

(c) Nagaland / नागालैंड

(d) Uttarakhand / उत्तराखंड

(e) Manipur / मणिपुर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.13.(a)

Exp. The Cauvery North Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area located in the Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts of Tamil Nadu, India.

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