English Quiz 9th September 2018

Directions (1 to 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. 

For a business still in a burgeoning state of development the performance of the gem and jewellery sector in exports is gratifying. On top of an over 50 per cent growth during 2004~05, these exports are poised to grow at a similar rate during the current year, if the trend in the first half of the year is an indication. Data released by the Gems and Jewellery Export Promotion Council show that Gems exports at Rs 2,363 crore during April—September 2005 were 51 per cent higher than during the corresponding period of 2004. Since there is a greater acceleration in the tempo of exports in the second half of the year, it appears that the target of gems and jewellery exports, pegged at Rs 5,000 crore is well within reach. Even more heartening is the fact that the export flow has been broad based, though the pace has been set by better showing in both jewellery and gem exports. This successful incursion is the outcome of a conscious strategy to build export infrastructure which includes the setting up of Gems and jewellery Export Zones, technology missions and a liberal policy under which virtually the entire industry is thrown open to foreign direct investment. Some incentives like access to domestic market for these export-oriented units, based on the net value addition, also have helped the export drive. Besides, the industry had made helped the export drive. Besides, the industry had made efforts to capture new markets, laid stress on quality of the product and became alive to customer needs.

However, in the case of jewelry exports, the actual performance is behind the potential. With its endowment in terms of jewellery designers, low costs and high productivity, India can emerge as a major force in global jewellery exports by emphasising on customizing jewellery rather than relying on standard products. At the same time, gems exports should not suffer by default. The recent data given lie to the claim that we have a leeway in jewelry designing. Over a period, this success on global marketing of our gems should facilitate system integration, and to exports of value-added gems with jewellery. As of now, what is significant is that we have carved a small niche in the global market in an industry that is the cutting edge of designing.

  1. Which of the following are responsible for substantial growth in exports in gems and jewellery sector?

(A) Conscious strategy to build export infrastructure

(B) Liberal policy 

(C) Government subsidy

(1) All (A), (B) and (C)

(2) Only (B) and (C)

(3) Only (A) and (C)

(4) Only (A) and (B)

(5) None of these

  1. Setting up of gems and jewellery exports zones has resulted into wl1ich of the following?

(1) Production of gems has increased

(2) Increase in gems exports

(3) Increase in jewelry exports

(4) Abundance of gems and jewellery in the domestic market

(5) None of these

  1. Which of the following have helped in the growth of exports in gem and jewellery sector?

(A) Value addition                  

(B) Quality control

(C) Customer friendly

(D) Access to domestic market

(1) All (A), (B), (C) and (D)

(2) Only (A), (B) and (C)

(3) Only (B), (C) and (D)

(4) Only (A), (C) and (D)

(5) None of these

  1. Which of the following statements is true in the context of the passage?

(1)   The growth in exports in gems and jewellery sector is expected to be 100 per cent during 2005—2006 to that of 2004—05.

(2)   The growth in exports in gems and jewellery sector in 2005-2006 is expected to be more than that in 2004- 05.

(3)   The growth in exports in gems and jewellery sector is expected to be 50 per cent in 2005-2006.

(4)   The growth in exports in gems and jewellery sector is expected to be 25 per cent in 2005-2006.

(5)   None of these

  1. Which of the following factors have not helped in the export promotion?

(A) Building an infrastructure for export

(B) Encouraging foreign direct investment

(1) Only (A)                               

(2) Only (B)       

(3) Either (A) or (B)               

(4) Both (A) and (B)

(5) None of these

  1. How much export was realized in the first half of the year 2005-2006?

(1) Less than half the targeted amount.

(2) More than half the targeted amount.

(3) Almost half of the amount projected for the purpose.

(4) The exact amount is not mentioned.

(5) None of these

  1. Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage?

(1) India’s performance in exports of jewellery is better than that of gems.

(2) India’s performance in export of gems is better than that of jewellery.

(3) India’s performance in value added ex-ports has grown in the recent past.

(4) India has made considerable effort in exporting value added products in the international market.

(5) Performance in global marketing has helped in developing an edge in designing. 

  1. What according to the passage, is the basis for the expectation of the exports in Gem and jewellery sector reaching the targeted amount?

(1) Growth in exports in the earlier year.

(2) Domestic demand in the sector.

(3) India’s performance in jewellery designing.

(4) Trend observed during the first half of the year.

(5) None of these

  1. Choose the word which is most similar in meaning to the word printed in bold used in the passage.

Emerge

(1) Drawn                  

(2) Evolve   

(3) Shine

(4) Grow                     

(5) Submerge

  1. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

Burgeoning

(1) Emerging            

(2) Established        

(3) Dying

(4) Sneaking              

(5) Middle

Directions (11 to 15): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (5) i.e. ‘No Error’. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any).

  1. The number of students (1) competing in the event (2) has been fallen (3) because of want of incentive. (4) No error.(5)
  2. I am grateful to you (1) and all your friends (2) by extending required help (3) in my hour of need. (4) No error. (5)
  3. Ramesh has been both (1) an intelligent (2) and hardworking chap (3) since his childhood. (4) No error. (5)
  4. A small piece (1) of bread is (2) certainly better than (3) being nothing to eat. (4) No error. (5)
  5. It was clear from the way (1) they were ‘ moving (2) that everyone possessed (3) the required experience. (4) No error. (5)

Solution

  1. (4)
  2. (2)
  3. (1)
  4. (2)
  5. (5)
  6. (3)
  7. (1)
  8. (4)
  9. (4) Emerge means to come out into view or come forth
  10. (1) Burgeoning means begin to grow or increase rapidly
  11. (3) has fallen is the correct answer. It is an error of tense from.
  12. (3) Change ‘by’ into ‘for’
  13. (1) It should be ‘a hard work chap’ because it is necessary to add the article , a, because an is used with intelligent is not suitable here.
  14. (4) The correct form is ‘nothing to eat’. Being is unwanted here
  15. (5)

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