Logical Reasoning for IBPS, SBI, RBI, RRBs: Quiz 4

Logical Reasoning for IBPS, SBI, RBI, RRBs: Quiz 4

Logical Reasoning plays a significant role in Reasoning Ability Section of banking exams such as IBPS, SBI and RBI PO and Clerk. You will get at least 5 questions from Logical Reasoning in one of IBPS, SBI and RBI PO & clerk prelims and Mains exam. So, aspirants should focus on Logical Reasoning questions in detail. Here, we are providing you with the Logical Reasoning questions quiz with the detailed solution so that you can easily prepare for Logical Reasoning questions. We are providing here all-important latest pattern-based questions and Previous Year Questions of Logical Reasoning of various Government Exam like IBPS, SBI, and RBI PO and Clerk exam. This Logical Reasoning quiz we are providing is free. Attempt this Logical Reasoning quiz to practice important questions with answers and solutions. And score better in IBPS, SBI and RBI PO and Clerk exam.

Logical Reasoning Quiz to improve your Reasoning Ability for SBI Po & SBI clerk exam IBPS PO Reasoning, IBPS Clerk Reasoning, IBPS RRB Reasoning, LIC AAO, LIC Assistant and another competitive exam.

Directions (1-3): In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the statement and choose your answer accordingly.
Q1. Statement: Use ‘X’ brand shoes. These are durable and available in all sizes-An advertisement in the newspaper A.
Assumptions:
I. Normally people like durable shoes.
II. Very few people read advertisement in a newspaper.
III. Very few people read the newspaper A.
(a) None is implicit
(b) Only I and II are implicit
(c) Only I, and either II or III are implicit
(d) All are implicit
(e) None of the above

Answer & Explanation

  1. Ans.(e)

Exp. Any advertisement highlights only the desirable qualities of the product. So, I is implicit. The ‘X’ brand has advertised its product in newspaper A. This implies that a large section of people reads advertisements in newspapers and that news-paper A too has a side circulation. So, neither II nor III is implicit.

Q2. Statement: These apples are too cheap to be good.
Assumptions:
I. When the apple crop is abundant, the prices go down.
II. The lower the selling price, the inferior is the quality of the commodity.
III. Very cheap apples are also good.
(a) None is implicit
(b) Only I and III are implicit
(c) Only II is implicit
(d) Only II and III are implicit
(e) All are implicit

Answer & Explanation

  1. Ans.(c)

Exp. It is mentioned that the apples are so cheap that they cannot be good. This means that the prices of good apples are never too low and that very cheap apples are never good. So, neither I nor III is implicit. Assumption II clearly follows from the statement that apples are of inferior quality because they are cheap. So, it is implicit.

Q3. Statement: The employees’ association has appealed to the Managers of Company Z to introduce written examinations for clerical cadre recruitment to prevent selection of incompetent persons.
Assumptions:
I. So far the Company Z used to select candidates without conducting a written examination.
II. A written examination can help to identify competent persons.
III. At higher level, written examination may not be of much use.
(a) Only I and II are implicit
(b) Only II and III are implicit
(c) Only I and III are implicit
(d) Only III is implicit
(e) None of the above

Answer & Explanation

  1. Ans.(a)

Exp. An appeal has been made to ‘introduce’ written examination. This means that so far written examination was not conducted. So, I is implicit. II follows directly from the statement and so it is implicit. However, nothing can be deduced about the mode of selection at higher level. So, III is not implicit.

Directions (4-6): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments insofar as they relate to the question. “Strong” arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument. Give answer
(a) If only argument I is “strong”.
(b) If only argument II is “strong”.
(c) If either I or II is “strong”.
(d) If neither I nor II is “strong”.
(e) If both I and II are “strong”.
Q4. Statement: Should Anti-piracy Bill be brought in the Parliament?
Arguments:
I. Yes, This will help the film industry to fight against piracy as a result of which the industry will be financially strong.
II. No, We have already provisions such as Copyright laws etc to fight against piracy.
Answer & Explanation
4. Ans. (a) Exp. Only I is strong. II is not strong because we do not know whether the existing provisions are sufficient or not.
Q5. Statement: Should Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) be entitled to dual citizenship?
Arguments:
I. Yes, This will bolster the intimacy of the NRIs with the Indian soil.
II. No, The move will not be fruitful for all NRIs because there is lack of provisions for dual citizenship in many countries.
Answer & Explanation
5.Ans.(a) Exp. I is strong because intimacy of NRIs with Indian soil will be helpful for Indian economy. II is a weak argument because a move can’t be restricted only because the move is not giving benefit to all of a kind.
Q6. Statement: Should reputed private driver training schools be allowed to issue driving licenses?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this will enable more and more people to get driving licenses.
II. No, this will increase the congestion of the vehicles on the road and will result in traffic jams too.
Answer & Explanation
Ans.(d) Exp. I is weak because it is not desirable. Moreover, is falsely assumes that govt authorities can’t cope with the demand of driving sciences. II is weak because it is not logical. It wrongly assumes that such a move will lead to a spurt in the number of vehicles.

Directions (7-8): In each of the following questions, a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Give answer
(a) if only conclusion I follows,
(b) if only conclusion II follows,
(c) if either I or II follows,
(d) if neither I nor II follows,
(e) if both I and II follow

Q7. Statement: The decision of Microsoft to spend over $26 billion to buy LinkedIn, the “world’s largest professional network”, is an earnest attempt by the company founded by Bill Gates for continued relevance in a space that it once dominated, to the point of being a monopoly. That space – the technology sector – is nothing like what it was in the 1980s and 1990s, when Microsoft ruled. Over the last decade and a half, the rise of the Internet, social media and smart phones have dramatically altered the contours of this space, giving rise to new and more powerful companies such as Google, facebook and Amazon.
Conclusions:
I. Virtual space as of today belong to search engines. Facebook is nothing more but a personalized search engine. For Microsoft, understanding this is the key factor; a $26 billion deal to buy LinkedIn may not result in substantial returns unless it is made relevant to common people and not just professionals.
II. The decision of Microsoft is somewhat a pragmatical acquisition and fruitful for its software business with the help of professionals linked in with LinkedIn on a global scale. Indeed it is a better buy than Nokia which is a shine losing brand in the midst of market flooding smart phone brands.

Answer & Explanation
7.Ans. (a);

Exp. I follows because Microsoft wants to continue its relevance in the space which suffered a setback due to the emergence of new companies. The conclusion gives us the route or the method, it must follow to achieve it. II does not follow because nothing is mentioned about the comparison between Nokia and LinkedIn in the statement.

Q8. Statement: Novak Djokovic has completed the Career Grand Slam – winning each of the four majors at least once – become easier in men’s tennis, with the increased homogeneity of surfaces and playing styles. He became the third man to hold all four major titles at once and the first ever to do so on three different surfaces (hard court, clay and grass). It also made him the sixth man to win grand slam singles titles on clay, grass and hard courts.
Conclusions:
I. Novak Djokovic is at the cusp of making another history. In the upcoming times, he has the opportunity to win the remaining two Grand Slams as well as the gold medal at Rio Olympics.
II. There is a lot of hard work and regimented life style behind his consistent performances on the tennis court. He is a product of immense talent, total dedication, rigors of daily training under equally gifted coaches and an insatiable hunger to achieve more.

Answer & Explanation
8.Ans. (b);

Exp. From the statement, we can’t predict about the future. So, I doesn’t follow whereas II can be concluded as the qualities of Novak Djokovic has been mentioned in the second one which totally suited according to the statement.

Directions (9-10): Each of the following questions consists of a statement followed by two arguments I and II.
Give answer
(a) if only argument I is strong
(b) if only argument II is strong
(c) if either I or II is strong
(d) if neither I nor II is strong
(e) if both I and II are strong.

Q9. Statement : Should India change its course from the economic reform process and look inward for all round economic development?
Arguments : I. No. There is no way to look backward after having started the process.
II. Yes. This will benefit India in the long run as the reform process borrowed from western countries will adversely affect our economy.

Answer & Explanation

  1. Ans.(d)

Exp. Clearly, any reform process may be changed, diverted or reversed at any stage, if it is to benefit the nation. Also, the idea of considering a process to be non-fruitful just because it has been borrowed from western countries, seems absurd. Thus, neither I nor II holds strong.

Hence, the answer is (d).

Q10. Statement : Should the admission to professional course in India be given only on merit without any concession to any particular group of students?
Arguments : I. Yes. This will improve the quality of the professionals as they will be able to complete the courses successfully.
II. No. This will keep a large number of socially and economically backward students out of the reach of the professional courses.

Answer & Explanation

  1. Ans.(e)

Exp. Clearly, professional jobs require quality and merit and so the students having the required talent can turn out to be better professionals than those who join the course on concession. So, argument I holds strong. However, it is these special concessions which make the professional courses affordable for certain talented students, belonging to socially and economically weaker sections, who otherwise would remain bereft of the same. So, argument II also holds strong.

Hence, the answer is (e).

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