Main Part of Computer Software

Main Part of Computer Software:

Software

The programs and other operating information used by a computer.

Types of software

System software Application software Programming software
Operating software Educational software Text editor
Loader Spreadsheet software Compiler
Data driver Word processors interpreter
Firmware
  • Operating system software -An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs. The operating system is a component of the system software in a computer system.
  • Functions of operating system – The basic functions of an operating system are: Booting the computer. Performs basic computer tasks eg managing the various peripheral devices eg mouse, keyboard. Provides a user interface, e.g. command line, graphical user interface (GUI).
  • Spreadsheet software – A software interface consisting of an interactive grid made up of cells in which data or formulas are entered for analysis or presentation
  • Word processors – a program or machine for storing, manipulating, and formatting text entered from a keyboard and providing a printout.
  • Compiler – A compiler is a computer program (or a set of programs) that transforms source code written in a programming language (the source language) into another computer language (the target language), with the latter often having a binary form known as object code.
  • Interpreter – a program that can analysis and execute a program line by line.
  • Database management system – software that handles the storage, retrieval, and updating of data in a computer system.
  • Antivirus Software – Anti-virus software is a program or set of programs that are designed to prevent, search for, detect, and remove software viruses, and other malicious software like worms, trozans, adware, and more.
  • Boot – The boot process is the name for the various steps the computer takes after you turn it on, all the way until the operating system is loaded.
  • Cold Boot – The start-up of a computer from a powered-down, or off, state. Also called a hard boot.
  • Warm Boot – restarting a computer via the operating system.
Operating system/System Software Unix and BSD UNIX System V, IBM AIX, HP-UX, Solaris (SunOS), IRIX, List of BSD operating systems
GNU/Linux List of Linux distributions, Comparison of Linux distributions
Microsoft Windows Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows ME, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 10
DOS 86-DOS (QDOS), IBM PC DOS, MS-DOS, DR-DOS, FreeDOS
Macintosh operating systems Classic Mac OS, macOS (previously OS X and Mac OS X)
Embedded and real-time List of embedded operating systems
Experimental Amoeba, Oberon/Bluebottle, Plan 9 from Bell Labs
Library Multimedia DirectX, OpenGL, OpenAL, Vulkan (API)
Programming library C standard library, Standard Template Library
Data Protocol TCP/IP, Kermit, FTP, HTTP, SMTP
File format HTML, XML, JPEG, MPEG, PNG
User interface Graphical user interface (WIMP) Microsoft Windows, GNOME, KDE, QNX Photon, CDE, GEM, Aqua
Text-based user interface Command-line interface, Text user interface
Application Software Office suite Word processing, Desktop publishing, Presentation program, Database management system, Scheduling & Time management, Spreadsheet, Accounting software
Internet Access Browser, Email client, Web server, Mail transfer agent, Instant messaging
Design and manufacturing Computer-aided design, Computer-aided manufacturing, Plant management, Robotic manufacturing, Supply chain management
Graphics Raster graphics editor, Vector graphics editor, 3D modeler, Animation editor, 3D computer graphics, Video editing, Image processing
Audio Digital audio editor, Audio playback, Mixing, Audio synthesis, Computer music
Software engineering Compiler, Assembler, Interpreter, Debugger, Text editor, Integrated development environment, Software performance analysis, Revision control, Software configuration management
Educational Edutainment, Educational game, Serious game, Flight simulator
Games Strategy, Arcade, Puzzle, Simulation, First-person shooter, Platform, Massively multiplayer, Interactive fiction
Misc Artificial intelligence, Antivirus software, Malware scanner, Installer/Package management systems, File manager

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