English Grammar Rules : Noun

English Grammar Rules : Noun

Noun is an important topic in the English grammar section in almost every Competitive Examination like SSC, Bank, Railway and other exams. Noun is the topic to test your basic knowledge and grip on the subject. For attempting the questions related to spotting errors you should have a Good knowledge of rules of Noun. In this article, we’ll cover all the important types and rules of noun.

Noun (संज्ञा)

The word used in the sentence that refer to the name of the person, animal, place or thing are known as Noun.

(किसी भी व्यक्ति, स्थान और वस्तु के नाम को Noun (संज्ञा) कहते है।)

Example- Alpa, Ankita, Abhinav, Table, Delhi, Dog etc.


Types of Noun

(1)  Proper Noun (व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा )

(2) Common Noun (जातिवाचक संज्ञा )

(3) Collective Noun (समूहवाचक संज्ञा )

(4) Material Noun (द्रववाचक संज्ञा )

(5) Abstract Noun (भाववाचक संज्ञा )

Proper Noun (व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा )- A Noun which belongs to a particular or individual name, person, place or thing is called as proper noun.

While writing, the first character of the proper noun is always written in capital letter.

जो किसी भी व्यक्ति, स्थान या वस्तु का बोध कराता है, उसे व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा  कहते है।

लिखते समय, Proper Noun का पहला अक्षर हमेशा capital letter में लिखा जाता है।


Common Noun (जातिवाचक संज्ञा )- Common noun is a name given to every person or thing of the same class or kind but they are not the actual name of the place, people or things.

Common Noun वह नाम है जो एक वर्ग या एक प्रकार के विभिन्न व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओं को समान रूप से दिया जाता है लेकिन वे जगह, लोगों या चीजों का वास्तविक नाम नहीं हैं।


Collective Noun (समूहवाचक संज्ञा )- Special names have been assigned to some special group of things when they are refered to as one in a collective way, such nouns are called collective nouns.

वैसा Noun जिससे पूरे समूह का बोध हो उसे समूहवाचक संज्ञा कहते है।


Abstract Noun (भाववाचक संज्ञा )- Abstract noun is the word used as the name of a quality, action or state when that quality, action or state is considered as an object.

वैसा Noun जिसका रूप और आकार नही होता  है केवल  गुण या स्थिति का आभास होता है उसे समूहवाचक संज्ञा कहते है।)

Example- Honest, Beauty, Ugly


Material Noun (द्रववाचक संज्ञा )- Nouns that refer to the names of a liquid or matter but does not  countable called as material noun.

(वैसा संज्ञा जो तरल  अवस्था मे हो मापा या तौला जा सके लेकिन जिसकी गिनती संभव नही हो सकती है  उसे द्रववाचक संज्ञा कहते है।

Example- Gold, Water, Oil etc.


♦Some Important Rules

Rule 1  

Some Nouns always Singular

कुछ Nouns हमेशा Singular होते है

Name- Furniture, Scenery, life, Choice, Silk, Iron, Information, Advice, Iron, Luggage, Wastage, Theft, Grass, Food, Poetry, Glass, Paper, Dust, Traffic, Electricity, Wood, Work, Machinery, Etc.

Note- इनके Nouns पहले न तो a/an का प्रयोग होता है और न ही इनका Plural बनाया जाता है क्योंकि ये सभी Uncountable noun है

Note- Some Special Time इन Noun का Kinds of/ Types of/Articles of / Items of/ Bits of / Pieces of का use कर Plural  बनाया जाता हैं


Rule 2

Some nouns seem to be singular in sight but always plural.

कुछ Nouns देखने में Singular प्रतीत होते है लेकिन हमेशा Plural होते है

Like –  Admiralty, Children, Youth, Elite, Folk, Cattle, Poultry, People, Police, Gentry, Peasantry, Electorate, Etc.

Rule 3

Some nouns have plural form but they are singular and are always used with singular verb.

कुछ Nouns का स्वरूप Plural होता है लेकिन वे Singular होते है तथा है तथा उनके साथ हमेशा Singular verb का प्रयोग किया जाता है

Like- Athletics, Classic, News, Mathematics, Politics, Economics, Civics, Physics, Ethics, Genetics, Innings, Etc.

Example- Mathematics is my favorite subject.

Note- When ,The / my / your / her / her etc is used before Mathematics, Politics, Physics, then it becomes Plural

जब Mathematics, Politics, Physics के पहले The/ my/ your/ his/ her etc का use किया जाता हैं तोह ये Plural हो जाते

Example- Her Physics are very Strong.

Rule 4

If the concept of a unit is a singular, then Army, Assembly, Parliament, Crowd, Audience, Class, Jury, Family, Government, Public etc., but if they are aware of their members then it is considered plural.

Army, Assembly, Parliament, Crowd, Audience, Class, Jury, Family, Government, Public आदि Nouns से यदि एक ईकाई (unit)का बोध हो तो Singular लेकिन यदि इनसे इनके सदस्यों का बोध हो तो Plural माना जाता है

Example- My team is playing first.

The Team Are Looking Quite Well. 

Rule 5

Dozen, Score, Hundred, Thousand, Score, Gross If they are used after digits, they are in the form of Singular Number, if they are used immediately after an indefinite number in the form of Plural Number.

Dozen, Score, Hundred, Thousand, Score, Gross यदि इनका प्रयोग अंको के बाद किया गया हो  Singular Number के रूप में होता है यदि इनका प्रयोग अनिश्चित संख्या का बोध कराने पर Plural Number  रूप में होता है

Example- I have bought four dozen eggs.

I have bought dozens of eggs.

Quiz Based on Noun

(1)The gentry of this colony(a)/ was present in the community hall(b)/for the celebration(c)/of holi(d)/no error(e).

(2) The child with blue eyes(a)/ and golden hair has(b)/broken his leg while jumping(c)/from the wall(d)/no error(e).

(3) They are go in(a)/ to London because(b)/ they may(c)/ consult a doctor(d)/No Error (e).

(4) Many of the question (a)/ appeared in this(b)/ question paper(c) / are too difficult to solve(d) / No error(e).

(5) North Korea’s problems (a)/ are also as (b) / serious as(c) /that of America (d) / No error (e).


1-B (Were will replace was as gentry take plural verb with it.)

2-C (It will replace his.)

3-B (in order that replace because)

4- A (Replace ‘question’ with ‘questions Remember to use plural noun after ‘one of’, ‘one of the’, ‘many of the’.)

5- C (The correct form is, ‘as serious as America’s-OR- ‘as serious as those of America’)

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