RBI Assistant Pre 2022: English Language Quiz – 6
In banking exams, English is a difficult section to perform well on, but with practice, it becomes easier. Here, we are providing you with the RBI Assistant 2022 English Language Quiz to help you prepare better for your upcoming examinations. In this RBI Assistant 2022 English Language Quiz, candidates will be given a detailed explanation for each question. This English Language Quiz for RBI Assistant 2022 is completely free. This English Language Quiz for RBI Assistant 2022 can help candidates get good marks in upcoming exams.
Directions (1-5) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them, while answering some of the questions.
Among those suffering from the global recession are millions of workers who are not even included in the official statistics: urban recyclers – the trash pickers, sorters, traders and reprocessors who extricate paper, cardboard and plastics from garbage heaps and prepare them for reuse. Their work is both unrecorded and largely unrecognized, even though in some parts of the World they handle as much as 20% of all waste. The World’s 15 million informal recyclers clean up cities prevent some trash from ending in landfills and thus, reduce climate change by saving energy on waste disposal techniques like incineration. In the developed countries they are the preferred ones since they recycle waste much more cheaply and efficiently than governments or private corporations can. In the developing World, on the other hand, they provide the only recycling services except for a few big cities.But as recession hits the markets Worldwide, the price of scrap metal, paper and plastic has also fallen.Recyclers throughout the World are experiencing a sharp drop in income. Trash pickers and scrapdealers saw a decline of as much as 80% in the price of scrap from October 2007 to October 2009. Insome countries scrap dealers have shuttered so quickly that researchers at the Solid WasteManagement Association didn’t have a chance to record their losses.
In Delhi, some 80% of families in the informal recycling business surveyed by an organization said they had cut back on “luxury foods,” which they defined as fruit, milk and meat. About 41% had stopped buying milk for their children. By this summer, most of those children, already malnourished, hadn’t had a glass of milk in nine months. Many of these children have also cut down on hours spent in school to work alongside their parents. Families have liquidated their most valuable assets – primarily copper from electrical wires – and have stopped sending remittances back to their rural villages. Many have also sold their emergency stores of grain. Their misery is not as familiar as that of the laid-off workers of big name but imploding, service sector corporation, but it is often more tragic.
Few countries have adopted emergency measures to help trash pickers. Brazil, for one, isproviding recyclers, or “catadores,” with cheaper food, both through arrangements with local farmersand by offering food subsidies. Other countries, with the support of non-governmental organizationsand donor agencies are following Brazil’s example. Unfortunately, most trash pickers operate outsideofficial notice and end up falling through the cracks of programmes like these. In the long run,though, these invisible workers will remain especially vulnerable to economic slowdowns unless theyare integrated into the formal business sector, where they can have insurance and reliable wages. This is not hard to accomplish. Informal junk shops should have to apply for licences, and governmentsshould create or expand doorstep waste collection programmes to employ trash pickers. Instead ofsorting through haphazard trash heaps and landfills, the pickers would have access to the cleaner scrapthat comes from households.
The need of the hour, however, is a more immediate solution. An efficient but temporary
solution would be for governments where they’d have to pay a small subsidy to waste dealers so they
could purchase scrap from trash pickers at about 20% above the current price. This increase, if well
advertised and broadly utilized, would bring recyclers a higher price and eventually bring them back
from the brink. Trash pickers make our cities healthier and more liveable. We all stand to gain by
making sure that the work of recycling remains sustainable for years to come.
- Which of the following is not true in the context of the passage?
(a) Purchase of trash at a higher price by the government is only a temporary solution to the larger problem
(b) The welfare programs started by the government for the recyclers largely fail to help them
(c) In the last couple of years the price of scrap has come down to 20% of its original price
(d) Few countries have started to take steps against the plight of the recyclers
(e) All the true
- According to the passage, which of the following measures have been taken to help the distressed recyclers?
(A) Helping them with the aid of NGOs.
(B) Taking steps to make the scrap pickers have access to cleaner scrap.
(C) Providing food subsidies to the recyclers.
(a) Only A
(b) Only B
(c) Only C
(d) Only B and C
(e) None of these
- How, according to the author, have the recyclers contributed towards saving the environment?
(A) By preventing the trash being dumped into the landfills.
(B) By using renewable sources of energy to recycle the scrap.
(C) By helping to avoid the energy consuming waste disposal techniques.
(a) Only A
(b) Only B
(c) Only A and B
(d) Only A and C
(e) None of these
- Which of the following has not been an effect of the losses observed in the informal waste recycling?
(a) To help their families, the children of the recyclers have started working thus compromising on their education
(b) Many scrap dealers have discontinued their businesses
(c) The government in many countries has derecognized scrap dealers in view of their unprofitable business
(d) Governments in many countries had to take emergency steps to help the recyclers deal with the crisis
(e) None of these
- What does the author mean by “Their misery is not as familiar as that of the laid-off workers of big-name but imploding, service sector corporation” as given in the passage?
(a) The effect of recession on the famous organizations is clearly noticed, whereas the plight of informal recyclers is neglected.
(b) Big name corporations are often hesitant to help the relatively smaller set-ups such as that of the informal recyclers.
(c) The big name private recyclers have been getting the government help, whereas the smallerones are not
(d) The misery of the informal recyclers has been kept a secret by the government
(e) None of these
Directions (6 – 10): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (e). (ignore the errors of punctuation, if any.)
- All his relatives (A) / expect his daughter (B) / have gone on (C) /a month’s vacation tour. (D) / No error. (E)
- He’s progressing nice, (A)/ and how he works over (B)/ the next day or two will (C)/ determine if Willie runs him or not (D). / No error. (E)
Exp. Option (a) is the correct choice. Replace ‘nice’ with ‘nicely’ as, ‘nice’ is an adjective that names an attribute of a noun or pronoun, such as sweet, red, or technical and not of a verb. However, ‘nicely’ is an adverb (Adverb of manner). An adverb can be added to a verb to modify its meaning. Adverbs of manner are used to tell us the way or how something is done. Here, “progressing” is the verb associated with the adverb “nicely”.[/su_spoiler]
- He played the (A)/ journalist and writer whom (B)/ has a tough, skeptical (C)/ attitude to high society (D)/ No error. (E)
- Anaya is even willing (A)/ to make Mexico (B)/ one of the first countries to (C)/ introduces a universal basic income. (D) / No error. (E)
- It can reduce the chances (A)/ of human connivance, (B)/ and can be used to detect outlier (C)/ lending or guarantees. (D)/ No error. (E).
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