Reasoning Quiz (DS, Input Machine) 16th September 2018

Direction (1 to 5): Each of the questions below consists of a question and three statements numbered I, II and III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read all the three statements and give answer:

(A) If the data in Statement I is sufficient to answer the question while the data in Statement III and II are not required to answer the question

(B) If the data in Statement I and III are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II is not required to answer the question

(C) If the data in Either Statement I and III together are sufficient or II is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement I is not required to answer the question

(D) If the data in either Statement I alone or Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question

(E) If the data in all the Statement I, II and III together are necessary to answer the question

Question 1: Which of these statements is/are sufficient to answer the question that production of which of the following companies is the highest?

I. There are five tea manufacturing companies namely A, B, C, D and E.
The production of Company B is more than that of Company A but not more than that of companyE.

II. Production of Company C is more than the production Company  B but not as much as that of company D.

III. Production of E is not as much as the production of company D.

Question 2: Which date in April was definitely Kavita’s brother’s birthday?

I. Kavita correctly remembers that her brother’s birthday is before fifteenth April but after twelfth April.

II. Kavita’s father correctly remembers that his son’s birthday is before seventeenth April but after ninth April.

III. Kavita’s mother correctly remembers that Kavita’s brother’s birthday is before sixteenth April but after thirteenth April.

Question 3: Which direction is Devesh facing?

I. If Rohit who is currently facing North-East, turns 90° clockwise, he would face the same direction as Devesh.

II. If Vaibhav who is currently facing North-West, turns 135° anticlockwise, he would face the direction 45° clockwise to the direction Devesh is facing.

Question 4: Who was the 4th highest among all five students?

 Five students P, Q, R, S and T were standing according to their heights with the shortest one being at the left most corner and highest one being at the right end.

I. Q was standing between R and P. S was standing at the right end of the line.

II. T did not have the greatest height of all. P had more height than only R and Q.

III.  R, Q, P all were shorter than T.

Question 5: M, N, O, P, Q, R are sitting around a circular table facing the centre. Who sits between M and O?
I. Q is to the immediate left of O, who is an immediate neighbour of M. P is an immediate neighbour of N and R.

II. O is facing R. O is the immediate right of P.

Direction (6 to 10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions. When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement.(All the numbers are two digit numbers.)

Input: 23 Kite Animation 64 National 71 58 Operation Venue 96 Element 15
Step I: Operation 23 Kite Animation 64 National 71 Venue 96 Element 15 58
Step II: Element Operation 23 Kite Animation National 71 Venue 96 15 58 64
Step III: Animation Element Operation 23 Kite National 71 Venue 15 58 64 96
Step IV: 15 Animation Element Operation 23 Kite National 71 58 64 96 Venue
Step V: 23 15 Animation Element Operation Kite 71 58 64 96 Venue National
Step VI: 71 23 15 Animation Element Operation 58 64 96 Venue National Kite

Step VI is the largest step of above arrangement as the indended arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained
As per the rules followed in the given steps, find out the appropriate steps for the Input.

Input: Adventure 59 36 Sample 81 Internet Bridge 14 Load 47 Uniform 62

Question 6: Which elements come exactly between ’59’ and ‘Bridge’ in Step II of the given input?
A. Only Load
B. Only 62
C. Only Internet
D. Both 81 and Sample
E. Both Adventure and 36

Question 7: Which of the following combinations represents the first two and the last two element of the step VI of the given Input?
A. 81, 59, Load, Bridge
B. 81, 62, Sample, Load
C. 50, 47, Bridge, Sample
D. 62, 14, Internet, Uniform
E. 62, 81, Uniform, Load

Question 8: If in the Step III, ‘Internet’ interchanges its position with ’81’ and ‘Sample’ also interchanges its position with ’14’, then which element will be third to the left of ’47’?
A. 14
B. Sample
C. Adventure
D. Internet
E. 81

Question 9: Which step are the elements ‘Bridge Load 47 14’ found in the same order?
A. Sixth
B. Third
C. Fourth
D. The given order of elements is not found in any step
E. fifth

Question 10: Which elements come exactly between ‘Uniform’ and ‘Bridge’ in step V of the given Input?
A. Only Load
B. Only 81
C. Only Internet
D. Both 81 and Sample
E. Both Adventure and 36

SOLUTION

  1. E

Explanation:

Statement 1: The production of Company B is more than that of Company A but not more than that of company E.

Inference:    E > B > A

Statements 2: Production of Company C is more than the production Company B but not as much as that of company D.

Inference:  D > C > B

Statement III: Production of E is not as much as the production of company D.

Inference:  D > E

Taking statements I and II together, we get that there are three possibilities, as show below:

Possibility 1: E > D > C > B > A;

Possibility 2: D > C > E > B > A;

Possibility 3: D > E > C > B > A

Taking all three statements we get that there are two possibilities, as show below

Possibility 1: D > C > E > B > A

Possibility 2: D > E > C > B > A

Here we get that D’s production is highest.

  1. B

Explanation:

Statement I. Kavita correctly remembers that her brother’s birthday is before fifteenth April but after twelfth April.

According to Kavita, her brother’s birthday → 13th or 14th April.

Statement II. Kavita’s father correctly remembers that his son’s birthday is before seventeenth April but after ninth April.

According to Kavita’s father, his son’s birthday → 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, or 16th April.

Statement III: Kavita’s mother correctly remembers that Kavita’s brother’s birthday is before sixteenth April but after thirteenth April. 

According to Kavita’s mother, Kavtia’s brother’s birthday → 14th or 15th April.

From statement I and III, we get:

Kavita’s brother’s birthday is on 14th April.

  1. D

Explanation:                                                                 

Statement I. If Rohit who is currently facing North-East, turns 90° clockwise, he would face the same direction as Devesh.

1

As per the figure,

Rohit who is facing North-East, turns 90° clockwise. Thus, he will be facing South-East.

It is given that he would face the same direction as Devesh.

Hence, Devesh will also be facing South-East.

Hence, the question can be answered using Statement I alone.

Statement II. If Vaibhav who is currently facing North-West, turns 135° anticlockwise, he would face the direction 45° clockwise to the direction Devesh is facing.

2
Vaibhav who is facing North-West, turns 135° anticlockwise. Thus, he will be facing South Direction.

It is given that he will face the direction 45° clockwise to the direction as Devesh.

Hence, Devesh will be facing South-East

Hence, the question can be answered using Statement II alone.

Therefore, the question can be answered using either statement I alone or statement II alone.

  1. C

Explanation:

Statement I: I Q was standing between R and P. S was standing at the right end of the line.

S was standing at the right end of the line.

As it is given shortest one is sitting at extreme left and highest one is sitting at extreme right end and given reference is that S was standing at the right end of the line. So, S will be standing at extreme right end.

_ < _ < _ < _ < S

Q was standing between R and P.

With this piece of information, we can clearly see that there are two cases possible.

Case 1:

_ < R/P < Q < P/R < S

Case 2:

R/P < Q < P/R < _ < S

Hence, Statement I is not sufficient

Statement II: T did not have the greatest height of all. P had more height than only R and Q.
P had more height than only R and Q.
T did not have the greatest height of all.

R/Q < Q/R < P < T < _

Hence, only II statement is sufficient.
Statement III: R, Q, P all were shorter than T.
R, Q, P all were shorter than T.
R/Q/P < Q/P/R < P/R/Q < T
Combining statements I and III, we get:
R/P < Q < P/R < T < S
Hence, statements I and III are sufficient..

  1. A

Explanation:

Statement I: Q is to the immediate left of O, who is an immediate neighbour of M. P is an immediate neighbor of N and R.

3

Hence, statement I is sufficient to answer the question.

Statement II: O is facing R.

4
O is to the immediate right of P.
56

Hence, statement II is not sufficient to answer the question.

Direction (6 to 10): Logic: Firstly the words get arranged according to the vowels from the left end in increasing order and the even numbers are arranges on the right end in increasing order. Then the words starting with consonants gets arranged on the right end (after arranging the words starting with vowel first) in the decreasing order and the odd numbers are arranged on the left end in increasing order from right to left.

Input : Adventure 59 36 Sample 81 Internet Bridge 14 Load 47 Uniform 62
Step I : Uniform Adventure 59 36 Sample 81 Internet Bridge Load 47 62 14
Step II : Internet Uniform Adventure 59 Sample 81 Bridge Load 47 62 14 36
Step III: Adventure Internet Uniform 59 Sample 81 Bridge Load 47 14 36 62
Step IV : 47 Adventure Internet Uniform 59 81 Bridge Load 14 36 62 Sample
Step V : 59 47 Adventure Internet Uniform 81 Bridge 14 36 62 Sample Load
Step VI : 81 59 47 Adventure Internet Uniform 14 36 62 Sample Load Bridge

  1. D
  2. A
  3. D
  4. B
  5. B

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