SBI PO Prelims 2022: English Language Quiz –20

SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz

English Language is a part of almost all major competitive exams in the country and is perhaps the most scoring section also. Aspirants who regularly practice questions have a good chance of scoring well in the English Language Section. So here we are providing you with the SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz to help you prepare better. This SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz includes all of the most recent pattern- based questions, as well as Previous Year Questions. This SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz is available to you at no cost. Candidates will be provided with a detailed explanation of each question in this SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz. Candidates must practice this SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz to achieve a good score in the English Language Section.

Directions (1-5): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four options are given. Find the word which fits the blank most appropriately. If none of the four options fits the blank mark ‘None of these’ as your answer

The Arctic is on fire, hot on the heels of the latest ______________ (1) ______________ European heat wave. As the impact of the climate crisis mounts, more and more people are asking: how can we control this beast we have created? The scientific answer is fairly straightforward reduce the amount of greenhouse gases added to the atmosphere to zero. The sooner that’s done, the lower the stabilised temperature and the fewer ______________ (2) ______________ climate impacts we must face. The world signed up to this in the Paris agreement, agreeing to “pursue ___________ (3) ____________” to limit global warming to 1.5C above pre-industrial levels, while committing to keep the rise “well below” 2C. To have just a 50% chance of meeting the 1.5C means halving global emissions over the next decade and hitting “net zero” emissions by about 2050. That means every sector of every country in the world needs to be, on ______________ (4) ______________, zero emissions. That’s electricity, transport, industry, farming, the lot. For many areas of life, near-zero emissions is an attainable, if extremely ambitious, goal. We could refit our homes and use electric-powered transport from low-carbon energy sources. Energy from the sun, wind and waves could power societies worldwide. But there are some areas where zero emissions by 2050 is impossible. There will, for example, always be some emissions from the farming needed to feed more than 10 billion people this century, and there is no sign of ______________ (5) ______________ long-haul on an electric plane any time soon.

  1. (a) pleasant

(b) balmy

(c) scorching

(d) hurtful

(e) harm

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. The passage talks about how the Arctic region was recently grappling with a heatwave that had taken over the entire region. It then goes on to talk about what needs to be done to make things better. It enlists a fairly simple idea of trying to bring down the level of greenhouse emissions. The second paragraph then talks how the countries had all signed a pact to make efforts to limit global warming and how that translates to maintaining zero emissions by every sector in every country of the world. The final passage talks whether such a goal would be attainable in all areas or not. The first blank is immediately followed by ‘European heatwave’ which tells us that the blank must be an adjective and definitely not a positive one like balmy or peasant. Hurtful means causing distress to someone’s feelings. Between harm and scorching, the latter better describes a heatwave.

  1. (a) productive

(b) salubrious

(c) remedial

(d) salutary

(e) devastating

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. All salubrious, salutary, productive and remedial mean ‘producing a beneficial effect’. The sentence is talking about bringing down greenhouse gas levels, the lower will be the stabilised temperature and lesser the devastating or disastrous consequences we’ll have to face.

  1. (a) attempt

(b) endeavour

(c) seek

(d) efforts

(e) strive

(e) strive

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Both seek and strive are verbs and since pursue itself is a verb, they aren’t the correct answers. Since the sentence talks about multiple goals that need to be achieved, both endeavour and attempt are also not correct options. ‘To pursue efforts’ means to seek or strive to attain (some object, goal etc.) making ‘efforts’ the correct option.

  1. (a) average

(b) estimate

(c) standard

(d) approximation

(e) rate

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. The sentence talks about halving the emissions for which every sector in every country needs to be producing about zero emissions. Because of the presence of ‘on’, none of the words approximation, standard, estimate or rate is a suitable option for the blank. Only ‘average’ provides both grammatical accuracy and meaning to the sentence.

  1. (a) airborne

(b) floating

(c) flying

(d) windborne

(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. In the last sentence it is given: long-haul on an electric plane any time soon. Long-haul means for longer time or distance and even if you ignore the phrase you realize that the sentence is trying to convey that there doesn’t seem to be any recent chances of flying or going airborne on an electric airplane anytime soon. But because the blank is not preceded by the words ‘being’ or ‘going’, neither airborne nor windborne are suitable options. Flying is both grammatically fitting and also provides the required meaning.

Directions (6-10): Answer the following questions after rearranging the following sentences into a coherent paragraph.

(A) Given the extent of the slowdown in the economy, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) deemed the former as too low but taking into account factors such as the turbulence in the global financial markets and the rupee’s fall in the last few days, the latter was seen as too high.

(B) Faced with slowing GDP growth and encouraged by benign inflationary trends, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has delivered a Goldilocks cut of 35 basis points in the benchmark repo rate.

(C) In the event, the MPC settled on a median and unconventional 35 basis point cut, which keeps the powder dry for further cuts this financial year.

(D) With this, the RBI has cut rates in four consecutive policy announcements beginning February this year, aggregating to a total of 110 basis points.

(E) Though a rate cut was a foregone conclusion ahead of the monetary policy announcement, the expectation was of either a 25 or 50 basis points one.

  1. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?

(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) E

(e) D

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Going through the given sentence it can be clearly seen that the first sentences in the arrangement would be sentence (B). Next in the arrangement would be sentence (E) as the given sentence is throwing light on the fact that the rate cut was expected but the scale of the rate cut was unanticipated. The next sentence in the arrangement would be sentence (A) which is asking about the credibility of the extent of the rate cut. This will be then followed by sentence (C) and then sentence (D) to make a contextually meaningful paragraph. So the correct sequence of sentences after rearrangement is BEACD. Hence, the correct choice is option (d)

  1. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?

(a) E

(b) C

(c) D

(d) B

(e) A

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Going through the given sentence it can be clearly seen that the first sentences in the arrangement would be sentence (B). Next in the arrangement would be sentence (E) as the given sentence is throwing light on the fact that the rate cut was expected but the scale of the rate cut was unanticipated. The next sentence in the arrangement would be sentence (A) which is asking about the credibility of the extent of the rate cut. This will be then followed by sentence (C) and then sentence (D) to make a contextually meaningful paragraph. So the correct sequence of sentences after rearrangement is BEACD. Hence, the correct choice is option (d)

  1. Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?

(a) A

(b) E

(c) B

(d) D

(e) C

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Going through the given sentence it can be clearly seen that the first sentences in the arrangement would be sentence (B). Next in the arrangement would be sentence (E) as the given sentence is throwing light on the fact that the rate cut was expected but the scale of the rate cut was unanticipated. The next sentence in the arrangement would be sentence (A) which is asking about the credibility of the extent of the rate cut. This will be then followed by sentence (C) and then sentence (D) to make a contextually meaningful paragraph. So the correct sequence of sentences after rearrangement is BEACD. Hence, the correct choice is option (a)

  1. Which of the following should be the FIFTH sentence after rearrangement?

(a) E

(b) D

(c) B

(d) A

(e) C

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. Going through the given sentence it can be clearly seen that the first sentences in the arrangement would be sentence (B). Next in the arrangement would be sentence (E) as the given sentence is throwing light on the fact that the rate cut was expected but the scale of the rate cut was unanticipated. The next sentence in the arrangement would be sentence (A) which is asking about the credibility of the extent of the rate cut. This will be then followed by sentence (C) and then sentence (D) to make a contextually meaningful paragraph. So the correct sequence of sentences after rearrangement is BEACD. Hence, the correct choice is option (b)

  1. Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?

(a) A

(b) E

(c) C

(d) B

(e) D

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. Going through the given sentence it can be clearly seen that the first sentences in the arrangement would be sentence (B). Next in the arrangement would be sentence (E) as the given sentence is throwing light on the fact that the rate cut was expected but the scale of the rate cut was unanticipated. The next sentence in the arrangement would be sentence (A) which is asking about the credibility of the extent of the rate cut. This will be then followed by sentence (C) and then sentence (D) to make a contextually meaningful paragraph. So the correct sequence of sentences after rearrangement is BEACD. Hence, the correct choice is option (c)

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