SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz -32

SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz

Almost all major competitive exams in the country have a section on the English Language, and it is also one of the most scored sections. Candidates can ace this section in exams if they practice regularly in a dedicated manner. So here we are providing you with the SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz to help you prepare better. This SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz includes all of the most recent pattern-based questions, as well as Previous Year Questions. This SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz is totally FREE. Candidates will be provided with a detailed explanation of each question in this SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz. Candidates must practice this SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz to achieve a good score in the English Language Section.

Directions (1-5): For the questions given below 7 (SEVEN) sentences are given which may or may not be jumbled. These sentences form a coherent paragraph (not every sentence). Read each question carefully and then answer accordingly.

(A) The Supreme Court’s message is that the Centre should get down to creating a legal and technical framework to implement the Tribunal’s award, as modified by the judgment.

(B) By upholding the approach of the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal, while slightly modifying its award, the Supreme Court has boosted the prospects of a viable water-sharing arrangement among the riparian States.

(C) This is a significant recognition of the principle of equitable distribution of inter-State rivers.

(D) That it has reduced the Tribunal’s allocation for Tamil Nadu and raised Karnataka’s share does detract from the fairness of the decision.

(E) It has underscored that no single State has primacy in accessing water resources and that rivers are national assets.

(F) This is the strongest affirmation so far of a basin State’s right to its share of water on a regular basis without having to rush to the court for ad hoc orders to open the sluices of reservoirs during monsoon-deficit years.

(G) In August 1998 The Cauvery River Authority (CRA) constituted by the centre for the implementation of the interim award of the CWDT.

  1. If the first statement after the rearrangement is statement (B) “By upholding the approach of the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal, while slightly modifying its award, the Supreme Court has boosted the prospects of a viable water-sharing arrangement among the riparian States.”then which among the above statements fails to provide the coherent meaning to the paragraph?

(a) A

(b) D

(c) G

(d) C

(e)  E

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. Option (c) is the correct choice. Statement (B) being the first statement clearly depicting the theme of the paragraph after rearrangement which articulates about the award given by Supreme Court on the controversy of the distribution of the Cauvery tribunal between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. However, All the statements are completely comprehending with the theme of the paragraph except for statement (G). Statement (G) is simply describing an event in the sequence of the controversy occurred in 1988. Nonetheless, it fails to connect logically with the paragraph. Therefore, option (c) becomes a viable answer choice.

  1. If the statement (F), “This is the strongest affirmation so far of a basin State’s right to its share of water on a regular basis without having to rush to the court for ad hoc orders to open the sluices of reservoirs during monsoon-deficit years”is the last statement of the paragraph so formed after the rearrangement of other statements eliminating the incoherent statement, which of the following statements can follow the statement (F) eloquently?

 

(a) It may be possible for either side to cavil at the judgment, questioning the reduction in quantum or the obligation to adhere to specified monthly release targets, but these would be exercised in political partisanship rather than legitimate grievances warranting legal redress

(b) Tamil Nadu files petition in the Supreme Court, seeking direction to the state of Karnataka to release water to Tamil Nadu.

(c) CWDT passes the final award and allotted 30 tmc to Kerala, 270 tmc to Karnataka, 419 tmc to Tamil Nadu and 7 tmc to Puducherry.

(d) The centre notifies the final award of the CWDT, on the direction of the Supreme Court.

(e) Based on inflow Karnataka is demanding its due share of water from the river. It states that the pre-independence agreements are invalid and are skewed heavily in the favour of the Madras Presidency, and has demanded a renegotiated settlement based on “equitable sharing of the waters”

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Option (a) is the correct choice. Being statement (F) the last one, its mentioning about the supreme court’s verdict to both the states about the dispute on the distribution of Cauvery water. Thus, the next statement should include the opinions and reactions of both the states regarding the verdict. Such information is only provided in option (a). All the other options do not logically follow the last statement i.e., statement (F) as they all are either describing a previous event of the verdict or fail to be interlinked with the theme of the paragraph. Hence, only option (a) is a viable choice.

  1. Considering statement (B), “By upholding the approach of the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal, while slightly modifying its award, the Supreme Court has boosted the prospects of a viable water-sharing arrangement among the riparian States.”as the first statement of the rearranged paragraph excluding the incoherent one, then which among the following combinations denotes the pair of consecutive statements i.e., the first sentence would be immediately followed by the second one?

(a) A-D

(b) E-C

(c) B-E

(d) D-A

(e) E-F

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. Option (b) is the correct choice. The correct sequence of the paragraph after rearrangement is BDECAF. Only statements (E) and (C) can be logically and meaningfully interlinked with each other. As, statement (E) is describing about the rivers being the national assets, whereas, statement (C) is describing about the principle which should be used for equitable distribution of inter-state rivers. Thus, together both the statements provide a coherence to the paragraph. Although, all the other statements belong to the same theme of the paragraph, the given combinations fail to be the consecutive statements. Thus, option (b) is the most suitable choice.

  1. Which one of the following given sentences can replace statement (D)That it has reduced the Tribunal’s allocation for Tamil Nadu and raised Karnataka’s share does detract from the fairness of the decision.” of the paragraph after the rearrangement?

(a) Eventually an agreement was arrived at in 1924 and a couple of minor agreements were also signed in 1929 and 1933

(b) In the first stage a capacity of 11 TMC was envisioned, while in the second stage the full capacity was set to be realized

(c) After hearing arguments of all the parties involved for the next 16 years, the tribunal delivered its final verdict.

(d) Supreme Court has reduced Tamil Nadu’s share of Cauvery water, while increased that for Karnataka.

(e) The sharing of waters of the Kaveri River has been the source of a serious conflict between the two states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Option (d) is the correct choice. Here, statement (D) is providing the information on the verdict given by the Supreme Court. Only option (d) is providing the similar information on the supreme court’s decision. All the other options are giving a further detailed information on the verdict. Hence, the only sentence that can replace statement (D) is option (d) making it a feasible choice.

  1. If statement (B) and statement (F) are the first and the last sentence of the paragraph respectively then what is the correct sequence of the paragraph after rearrangement excluding the incoherent sentence?

(a) BGDAEF

(b) BEDACF

(c) BAGEDF

(d) BCDEAF

(e) BDECAF

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. Option (e) is the correct choice. If statement (B) is the first and statement (F) is the last statement, the statements in the sequence BDECAF form a coherent paragraph which is about the supreme court’s verdict on the controversy of the distribution of Cauvery water between the states Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Therefore, option (e) becomes the most appropriate answer choice.

Direction (6-10): Which of the following phrases (I), (II), and (III) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (e) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.

  1. In the current knowledge-driven economy, the higher education system playing a major role in social development and national economic competitiveness.

(I)plays a major role

(II)has played a major role

(III)may play a major role

(a)Only (I) is correct

(b)Both (I) and (II) are correct

(c)Both (II) and (III) are correct

(d)All are correct

(e)No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. All the above expressions can be used to replace the existing phrase to make the sentence grammatically correct and logically meaningful. It is to be noted that the expression “playing a major role” misses a helping verb to complement the sentence grammatically. If we consider the grammatical aspect of the sentence, all the three expressions given as alternatives follow the correct grammar syntax that make the sentence contextually meaningful as well. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

  1. India is in transition towards a knowledge-based economy and its competitive edge determined from the abilities of its people to create, share and use knowledge more effectively.

(I)will be determined by the abilities

(II)can be determined by the abilities

(III)have to be determined from the abilities

(a)Only (I) is correct

(b)Both (I) and (II) are correct

(c)Both (I) and (III) are correct

(d)All are correct

(e)No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. Read the sentence carefully, it can be well verified that the given sentence is grammatically incorrect as there is an error in the highlighted part of the sentence which needs to be replaced by a correct and meaningful expression. Among the three options, the first and the second expressions provide a contextual meaning to the sentence. They both make sure that the sentence follows the correct grammar structure and the intended meaning of the sentence remains intact. However, the third expression is not befitting to the sentence as the plural verb “have” cannot be used for the singular subject [India] in this case. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.

  1. Man is the highest point of evolutionary ascent with the infinite probability and certitude of rising higher still.

(I)Man has been at highest point of evolutionary

(II)The evolution of man at the highest point of

(III)Man could be higher in evolution

(a)Only (I) is correct

(b)Only (II) is correct

(c)Only (III) is correct

(d)Both (I) and (III) are correct

(e)No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. The expression “Man is the highest point of evolutionaryis the correct expression and it also adds a meaningful sense to the sentence. It is to be noted that the word “evolutionary” which means “relating to the gradual development of something” is used as an adjective for the noun ‘ascent”. The expressions given as options do not fit into the sentence as they are both grammatically incorrect and contextually meaningless. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.

  1. The unprecedented political crisis that gripped South Africa, and of a kind that few countries in the world have countenanced, appear to be ended after the swearing-in of Cyril Ramaphosa as the country’s president.

(I)appears to have ended with the swearing-in

(II)appeared to end after the swearing-in

(III)appear to be ending with the swearing-in

(a)Only (I) is correct

(b)Only (II) is correct

(c)Only (III) is correct

(d)Both (I) and (III) are correct

(e)No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. The correct phrase to make the sentence grammatically correct is “appears to have ended with the swearing-in”. It is to be noted that the subject is in singular form [The unprecedented political crisis], so the verb that follows the subject should also be in the similar form. Among the three options, only the first expression provides the correct structure that fits perfectly into the sentence. The other two cannot be used as they are not fitting to the correct grammar syntax. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

  1. The success of the cadets from the Boys Sports Company of the Army Sports Institute, Pune, at the recent ‘Khelo India’ school games has indeed a welcome.

(I)will be indeed a welcome

(II)is indeed welcome

(III)should be welcomed

(a)Only (I) is correct

(b)Both (I) and (II) are correct

(c)Both (II) and (III) are correct

(d)All are correct

(e)No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. The use of the article “a” in the highlighted portion makes the sentence incomplete as the expression suggests no proper meaning. Among the given options, both the expressions (II) and (III) can be used to replace the existing phrase to make the sentence grammatically viable. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.

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