Subject verb agreement Rules

Subject verb agreement Rules

Subject verb agreement simply means the subject and verb must agree in number and person. This means both need to be singular or both need to be plural. The topic Subject Verb Agreement is used to test your knowledge of English language in different forms in the exams that’s what makes it important to be known. Here we will deal with all the important rules of Subject verb agreement. This study notes on rules of Subject verb agreement will help immensely in your upcoming exams.

1.Subjects and verbs must agree in number. This is the cornerstone rule that forms the background of the concept.

Example:

  • The dog growls when he is angry.
  • The dogs growl when they are angry.

2.Subordinate clauses that come between the subject and verb don’t affect their agreement.

Example:

The dog, who is chewing on my jeans, is usually very good.

3. Prepositional phrases between the subject and verb usually do not affect agreement.

Example:

The colors of the rainbow are beautiful.

4.When sentences start with “there” or “here,” the subject will always be placed after the verb. Some care needs to be taken to identify each part correctly.

Example:

  • There is a problem with the balance sheet.
  • Here are the papers you requested.

5.Subjects don’t always come before verbs in questions. Make sure you accurately identify the subject before deciding on the proper verb form to use.

Example:

Where are the pieces of this puzzle?

6. If two subjects are joined by “and,” they typically require a plural verb form.

यदि  दो  Singular Noun “AND”  से जुड़कर plural verb होता हैं

Example:

The cow and the pig are jumping over the moon.

7. The verb is singular if the two subjects separated by “and” refer to the same person or thing as a whole.

Example:

Red beans and rice is my mom’s favorite dish.

8. If one of the words “each,” “every,” or “no” comes before the subject, the verb is singular.

यदि दो singular Noun “AND”  से जुड़े हो , किन्तु  उनके पहले Each or Every  का use होतो verb singular होता हैं

Example:

  • No smoking or drinking is allowed.
  • Every man and woman is required to check in.

9. More than One के बाद Singular Noun use Singular verb and Plural Nound use Plural verb होता हैं

Example:

  • More than one room is vacant.
  • More teacher than one are late.

10. Some, Some of, All, All of, Enough, Most, Most of, Lots of, A lot of Plenty of, Half of, one third of two third etc. after countable noun use Plural verb and Uncountable Noun use Singular Verb.

Example:

  • All men are mortal.
  • Lots of players were there.
  • Some money is needed.
  • Two thirds of the land has been ploughed.

11.The singular verb form is usually reserved for units of measurement or time.

यदि किसी Numeral Adjective + Plural Noun से एक निश्चित राशि , दूरी ,वजन का बोध हो verb singular तो होता हैं

Example:

  • Four quarts of oil was required to get the car running.
  • Two thousand rupees is a handsome amount.

Note: यदि  Numeral Adjective + Plural Noun से different  राशियों का बोध होतो  verb Plural होता हैं

  • Two Thousand Rupees have been spent.

12. If the subjects are both plural and are connected by the words “or,” “nor,” “neither/nor,” “either/or,” or “not only/but also,” the verb is plural.

Example:

Not only dogs but also cats are available at the animal shelter.

13. If one subject is singular and the other is plural, and the words are connected by the words “or,” “nor,” “neither/nor,” “either/or,” or “not only/but also,” use the verb form of the subject that is nearest the verb.

इसमें Verb second subject  के according use किया जाता हैं

Example:

  • Either Jessica or Christian is to blame for the accident.
  • Neither Ram or his friends are coming today.
  • Not only Alpa but also her friends are going on a picnic.

14. Indefinite pronouns typically take singular verbs (with some exceptions).

Example:

Everybody wants to be loved.

15. The exceptions to the above rule include the pronouns “few,” “many,” “several,” “both,” “all,” and “some.” These always take the plural form.

Example:

Few were left alive after the flood.

16. If two infinitives are separated by “and,” they take the plural form of the verb.

Example:

To walk and to chew gum require great skill.

17. When gerunds are used as the subject of a sentence, they take the singular form of the verb. However, when they are linked by “and,” they take the plural form.

Example:

  • Standing in the water was a bad idea.
  • Swimming in the ocean and playing drums are my hobbies.

18. A collective noun, such as “team” or “staff,” can be either singular or plural depending upon the rest of the sentence. Typically, they take the singular form, as the collective noun is treated as a cohesive single unit.

Example:

The herd is stampeding.

19.Titles of books, movies, novels, and other similar works are treated as singular and take a singular verb.

Example:

The Burbs is a movie starring Tom Hanks.

20.Final rule: Remember, only the subject affects the verb! Nothing else matters.

Example:

Jacob, who owns sixteen houses, is on his way to becoming a billionaire.

21.यदि दो Singular Noun “AND”  से जुड़कर एक ही Person, वस्तु का  बोध   कराये plural verb होता हैं

Example:

  • Bread and Butter
  • Rise and Fall
  • Rise and Curry.

22.Unfulfilled wish, condition and Desire

Present के Unfulfilled wish, condition, desire को बोध करने के लिए if, as of, as though, I wish etc के साथ यदि TO BE uses so always use “Were”.

Example:

I wish I were a bird.

23.Politics, Mathematics, Economics, Statistics का use यदि के नाम के रूप में हो तो इसके साथ singular Verb का use किया जाता हैं

Example: Mathematics is not easy a subject as you fell.

Note: किन्तु इन  word के पहले कोई  Possesive Adjective (Ex: My/ Your), His or Article “The”) का use होतो plural हो जाते हैं

Example: His Mathematics are week.

Your Statistics are incorrect.

24.After A body of, A crowd of , A bunch of , A team of, A heap of, A hard of, A fleet of, A piece of, A pair of, A chain of, always use Noun plural but verb Always singular.

Example:

A crowd of people is waiting for the minister.

25.If two Nouns or Pronouns As well As, in addition, to beside, like, unlike with, along with, together with, No less than, accompained by, led by, headed by, guided by, controlled by, governed by, rather than, and not, So verb always depend First noun or Pronoun.

Example:

  • You as well as you sister were in the wrong.
  • He together with his friends is coming today.

♦Some Most Important Revision

  • “Anyone,” “everyone,” “someone,” “no one,” and “nobody” always require singular verbs.
  • “Neither” and “either” require singular verbs even though they seem to be referring to two separate things.
  • When a sentence compounds a positive and a negative subject and only one is plural, the verb should agree with the positive subject.
  • Words that indicate portions of a whole, such as “percent,” “fraction,” “some,” “none,” and “remainder” require a singular verb only if the object of the preposition is singular.
  • “Who,” “that,” and “which” can be singular or plural, according to the noun directly in front of them.
  • The phrase introduced by “as well as” or “along with” modifies the earlier word, but doesn’t compound the subjects.
  • Modifiers between the subject and verb do not affect whether the verb is singular or plural.
  • Just because a word ends in -s doesn’t automatically make it plural.

Quiz Based on Subject verb Agreement

  1. Every pale tomato slice, wilted pickle, and brown lettuce leaf __________ an extra 25 cents at Bernie’s Burger Emporium.

A)costs

B)cost

C) costed

D)had cost

  1. Not only the Smiths but also Tonya __________ agreed to try one of the world-famous chocolate-broccoli muffins.

A)Have

B)Has

C) Had

D) Has been

3.The Smiths, along with Tonya, _________ to avoid indigestion after eating these weird muffins.

A) hopes

B) hope

C) hoped

D) had hoped

4.On the sidewalk _________ many little lizards sunning themselves on the hot concrete.

A)is

B)are

C)was

D)were

5.Even though Antonio has many friends who love their Chevrolets and Buicks, he has always believed that General Motors __________ lemons.

A)makes

B)make

C)made

D)had made

Answer:

  1. A
  2. B
  3. B
  4. B

5.A

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