The Hindu Editorial Analysis : 8th November 2022

The Hindu Editorial Analysis:

The Hindu is now synonymous with civil services aspirants. What brought on this cult readership?

We all are aware of the importance of reading The Hindu newspaper with the aspect of improving reading ability, easily comprehending paragraphs, getting updated with the current events, improving essay writing and many more. For a banking aspirant it becomes necessary to read editorials for vocabulary. In this article we are going to discuss the points of today’s editorials with practice questions and important vocabs.

Exclusion,Economics.

  • On the face of it,a new kind of reservation in education and jobs solely based on income or economic criteria was destined to face several constitutional hurdles.
  • However, given that the special provision in favor of ‘Economically Weaker Sections’ (EWS) among those who are not eligible for community-based quotas meant for scheduled castes, scheduled Tribes and other backward classes, was introduced through an amendment to the constitution , only a demonstration that the new quota violated the basic structure of the constitution.
  • By a majority of three to two, the supreme court of India had ruled the amendments did not violate the basic structure.
  • In the process, the court has recorded a major paradigm shift in its conception of what constitutes valid affirmative action.
  • For the first time, it has upheld a kind of reservation that specifically excludes those from the three existing categories of beneficiaries and is extended solely on the basis of economic criteria.
  • When in Indira Sawhney(1992) a nine judge bench upheld OBC reservation, but favored exclusion of advanced sections of the beneficiary communities from its purview, it introduced a form of economic criteria for the first time.
  • However the criteria were to exclude the individuals, while the groups continued to be eligible for reservation.
  • At the same time, the court struck down a provision for 10% reservation for economically backward sections introduced by the Congress regime, on the ground that the constitution does not provide for reservation solely based on economic criteria.
  • The logic behind this scheme of affirmative action was that reservation is a tool of reparation for groups excluded from mainstream avenues of advancement due to caste discrimination, while it should not become a benifit or reward for individual members of the same groups who may have made reasonable progress.
  • However, Justice S. Ravinder Bhatt, with Chief Justice of India U.U Lalit , concurring , has correctly found that the exclusion of the groups that already enjoy reservation from accessing this new form of affirmative actions violates the equality norms, which is a basic feature of the constitution.

Practice Questions:

  • What did theJustice S. Ravinder Bhatt, with Chief Justice of India U.U Lalit has correctly found.
  • What was Indira Sawhney (1992)?
  • What are the special provisions in favor of EWS,ST,SC,OBCs.

Important Vocabs:

  • Norm- a situation or a way of behaving that is usual or expected
  • Regime- a government authoritarian one
  • Destined- regarding developing as though according to a pre existing plan.
  • Paradigm- a typical example
  • Solely- only

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