SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz

SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz – 12

English Language is a part of almost all major competitive exams in the country and is perhaps the most scoring section also. Aspirants who regularly practice questions have a good chance of scoring well in the English Language Section. So here we are providing you with the SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz to help you prepare better. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz includes all of the most recent pattern-based questions, as well as Previous Year’s Questions. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz is available to you at no cost. Candidates will be provided with a detailed explanation of each question in this SBI PO Prelims English Language Quiz. Candidates must practice this SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz to achieve a good score in the English Language Section.

Directions (1-5): Rearrange the following sentences to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions that follow.

(A)With the relevant measure of price gains, the Consumer Price Index, reflecting an acceleration in inflation for a sixth straight month in December, and that at the fastest pace in 17 months, the bank’s rate-setting panel must have had little difficulty in choosing to remain on hold.

(B)The Reserve Bank of India’s decision to keep the repo rate unchanged was no surprise given the focus with which the Monetary Policy Committee has approached its mandate: of keeping inflation in check.

(C)The RBI’s nominee, Michael Debabrata Patra, in fact voted to head off incipient price pressures by raising the policy rate by 25 basis points.

(D)For starters, “an unusual pick-up in food prices in November”, combined with a “less than usual” softening in the winter seasonal food price moderation, meant headline inflation averaged 4.6% in the third quarter.

(E)This was probably best exemplified by the reversal in stance of the six-member panel’s hitherto most dovish member, Ravindra H. Dholakia, to vote to stand pat on interest rates.

(F)This the MPC did while retaining a ‘neutral stance’, which gives it the flexibility to change gears in either direction.

(G)Laying out the factors informing its decision, the RBI once again spotlighted the less than reassuring outlook for price stability.

(H)The RBI had in December made a projection for inflation in the range of 4.3-4.7% in the six months through March 2018.

(I)In a country where a health crisis is often a precursor to financial catastrophe for the poor, the salience of a healthcare financing scheme cannot be overstated.

  1. If the sentence (B), “The Reserve Bank of India’s decision to keep the repo rate unchanged was no surprise given the focus with which the Monetary Policy Committee has approached its mandate: of keeping inflation in check.” is the first sentence of the paragraph so formed after the rearrangement, which of the following sentences does not belong to the paragraph?

(a)A

(b)I

(c)D

(d)C

(e)G

SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz – 13

English Language is a part of almost all major competitive exams in the country and is perhaps the most scoring section also. Aspirants who regularly practice questions have a good chance of scoring well in the English Language Section. So here we are providing you with the SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz to help you prepare better. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz includes all of the most recent pattern-based questions, as well as Previous Year Questions. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz is available to you at no cost. Candidates will be provided with a detailed explanation of each question in this IBPS PO Pre English Language Quiz. Candidates must practice this SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz to achieve a good score in the English Language Section.

 

Directions (1-5): In the following questions, a phrase is given in bold whose meaning can be inferred from one of the highlighted words/phrases of four sentences given below each phrase. Choose the most appropriate meaning of the phrase among the four options that can also be replaced by the given phrase without altering the meaning of the sentence. If none of the sentences conveys the correct meaning, choose (e) i.e., “None of the above” as your answer.

 

  1. Rule out

(a) Loss is met with at each step, and the great problem is to eliminate this waste.

(b) She was not in harmony with the old man, and would do nothing to defeat my plan.

(c) The combs were broken which gave the bees a setback from which they did not recover.

(d) Worst of all and most fatal is the disease of the marrow, by which the whole course of the body is reversed.

(e) None of the above.

Ans. a

Exp. The phrase “rule out” means to prevent the participation, consideration, or inclusion of. Among the four sentences, the most suitable word or phrase that defines its meaning is “to eliminate” and thus the phrase can replace the existing word without altering the meaning of the sentence. However, the other words are not the correct explanation of the given phrase. The word “setback” means a reversal or check in progress. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

 

 

  1. Over the counter

(a) Improved safety measures in cars can be counterproductive as they encourage people to drive faster.

(b) The words came like a stunning blow where a verbal counter-argument was expected.

(c) They will make a higher bid for the company in the hope of dissuading competing businesses from counter-bidding.

(d) Brokers can use the system to look up prices or enter quotes for the direct trade of securities.

(e) None of the above.

Ans. d

Exp. The idiom “over the counter” is generally used in finance and economics which is used to describe shares that are traded directly between dealers (= people and organizations that buy and sell for others), rather than on a stock market. Among the four options, the most appropriate phrase that generates the meaning of the idiom is mentioned in the sentence (d), “the direct trade of”. The idiom can also replace the existing phrase without changing the meaning of the sentence. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

Counterproductive means having an effect that is opposite to the one intended or wanted.

Counter-argument means an argument against another argument, idea, or suggestion.

Counter-bidding means a situation in which someone offers to pay more than someone else for a company, property, etc.

 

  1. Work around

(a) The preacher was trying to explain to us the eternal duration of God’s punishment.

(b) Who is there amongst you who cannot or who will not justify when they are accused?

(c) One easy modus operandi is to select Control Panel and to double-click the internet icon.

(d) All the gentlemen in the office showed a desire to serve and advise me.

(e) None of the above.

Ans. c

Exp. The phrase “work around” means a method for overcoming a problem or limitation in a program or system. Among the four options, the word/phrase mentioned in the sentence (c) gives the exact meaning of the given phrase which can also replace the existing one without altering the exact meaning of the sentence. Other words do not justify the appropriate meaning of the phrase. The word “modus operandi” means a particular way or method of doing something. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.

Justify means show or prove to be right or reasonable.

 

  1. Put paid to

(a) You cannot forestall that; you must depend upon your own self-confidence.

(b) You are so rich, and so prudent, that the word in capital letters cannot frighten you.

(c) A great French poet says that happy nights make happy days in matrimony.

(d) The sight of a modern monument throws one into melancholy even while an ancient one has not ceased to enrapture.

(e) None of the above.

Ans. a

Exp. The phrase “put paid to” means stop abruptly; destroy. Among the given four options, only the word mentioned in the first statement defines the correct meaning of it. The word “forestall” means prevent or obstruct (an anticipated event or action) by taking advance action. Other words are not the correct explanation of the phrase. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

Enrapture means give intense pleasure or joy to.

 

  1. Do away with

(a) The only one who walked pretty soberly was the head-master, who had to uphold his dignity.

(b) They will abolish themselves when their work is done, but not before.

(c) How could an enlightened century give birth to so monstrous a delusion?

(d) Your attack is passed over, and there’s no more danger, if you ‘ll keep quiet.

(e) None of the above.

Ans. b

Exp. The phrase “Do away with” means to get rid of or destroy something. Among the given options, the word mentioned in the sentence (b) gives the exact meaning of the phrase and thus can be replaced by the given phrase without altering the meaning of the sentence. Other words or phrases are not the correct explanation of the given phrase. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.

Uphold means confirm or support (something which has been questioned).

Keep quiet means refrain or prevent someone from speaking or from disclosing something secret.

 

Directions (171-175): In each question, the word at the top of the table is used in four different ways, numbered (a) to (d). Choose the option in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE. If it is used correctly in every sentence choose option (e) as your choice.

 

  1. APPRAISE

(a) The President appropriately appraised Russell and Financial Times readers that he had already signed into law the National Peace and Reconciliation Commission Act.

(b) In cooperation with other professionals, social workers will appraise the individual’s needs.

(c) He coolly appraised the situation, deciding which person would be most likely to succeed.

(d) This prompted many employers to appraise their selection and recruitment policies

(e) All are correct.

Ans. a

Exp. Option (a) is incorrect as apprised should be used here.

Appraise means to ascertain the value of and does not mean to apprise or to inform. Correct: “I appraised the jewels.” / “I apprised him of the situation.”

 

  1. CREDULOUS

 

(a) Because my brother is a credulous consumer, he is a salesperson’s dream.

(b) Even though there was very little evidence, the credulous jury decided the defendant was guilty.

(c) Reference credulous sources to strengthen your argument.

(d) Because the credulous public wanted to believe the killer was off the streets, they never questioned the arrest of an innocent man.
(e) All are correct.

Ans. c

Exp. Option (c) is incorrect as credible should be used in place of credulous.

Credible means believable and does not mean credulous or gullible. Correct: “His sales pitch was not credible.” / “The con man took advantage of credulous people.”

 

 

  1. FLAUNT

(a) While many people love to flaunt their possessions, I prefer people that keep a low profile.

(b) The orchestra decided to flaunt convention/tradition, and wear their everyday clothes for the concert.

(c) Donald Trump loves to flaunt his wealth and grandiose, whenever he has the chance.

(d) Flavio was flaunting his tan in a pair of white trunks.

(e) All are correct.

Ans. b

Exp. In option (b) the use of flaunt is incorrect and must be replaced with flout.

Flaunt means to show off and does not mean to flout. Correct: “She flaunted her abs.” / “She flouted the rules.”

 

  1. UNBEARABLE

(a) A delegation of councillors is lobbying the Government because they say the noise is unbearable.

(b) This argument is unbearable from an intellectual, moral and practical standpoint.

(c) All I remember of childbirth was the unbearable pain and the relief when it was all over.

(d) The grief she felt over Helen’s death was almost unbearable.

(e) All are correct.

Ans. b

Exp. In option (b) the use of unbearable is incorrect and untenable should be used instead.

Untenable means indefensible or unsustainable and does not mean painful or unbearable. Correct: “Now that all the facts have been revealed, that theory is untenable.” / “Her death brought him unbearable sadness.”

 

  1. LUXURIANT

(a) We’ve bought a wonderfully luxuriant carpet for our bedroom.

(b) In addition to its inferior size, the coyote is also shorter in the leg than the wolf, and carries a more luxuriant coat of hair.

(c) This stretch of land was once covered with luxuriant forest, but is now bare.

(d) He took no leading part in the war against the English, his energies being largely occupied with the satisfaction of his artistic and luxuriant tastes.

(e) All are correct.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Option (d) is incorrect as luxuriant should be replaced with luxurious.

Luxuriant means abundant or florid and does not mean luxurious. Correct: “The poet has a luxuriant imagination.” / “The car’s fine leather seats were luxurious.”

 

Ans. b

Exp. If (B) is the first sentence of the paragraph so formed after the rearrangement, the statement (I) does not seem to be the part of the paragraph. The first statement of the paragraph gives a valid clue that the theme of the paragraph revolves around the Reserve Bank of India’s decision to keep the repo rate unchanged. However, the statement (I) makes out a different topic which is contextually incorrect; it is about the healthcare financing scheme which has no relevance with any other statement of the paragraph. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.

  1. If the sentence (H), “The RBI had in December made a projection for inflation in the range of 4.3-4.7% in the six months through March 2018.” is the last sentence of the paragraph so formed after the rearrangement of other sentences and the exclusion of incoherent sentence, which of the following sentences can follow the sentence (H) coherently?

(a)With pump prices of petrol and diesel having risen sharply in January, the RBI has now been forced to raise its estimate for retail price gains in the fourth quarter to 5.1%.

(b)The domestic currency finally settled the day with a modest 4 paise loss against the US dollar, extending its downtrend for the fifth straight session.

(c)The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the RBI kept the policy repo rate at 6 % with five of the six members in the Committee voted in favour of the decision.

(d)The normalisation of monetary policy by advanced economies could spell a decisive end to global ‘easy money’ conditions and may trigger some flight of capital from emerging markets including India.

(e)None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. The sentence (a) makes a proper and logical connection with the sentence (H) as the mention of statistical range of 4.3-4.7% as the projection for inflation by the RBI in December gives an indication that the sentence (a) would follow the sentence coherently. There is a clear connection between the two statements as the sentence (a) also states that the estimate for retail price gains in the fourth quarter may go up to 5.1%. The other options are, however, out of the context and do not make any logical combination with the coherent paragraph so formed. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

  1. If the sentence (B), “The Reserve Bank of India’s decision to keep the repo rate unchanged was no surprise given the focus with which the Monetary Policy Committee has approached its mandate: of keeping inflation in check.” is the first sentence of the paragraph so formed after the rearrangement of other sentences and the exclusion of incoherent one, which of the following combinations denotes that the latter sentence would immediately follow its former one i.e., the first sentence would be immediately followed by the second one?

(a)B-D

(b)G-I

(c)E-H

(d)A-E

(e)G-H

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. If (B) is the first sentence of the coherent paragraph, the combination of sentences (A) and (E) makes a valid and appropriate connection with each other. It can be viewed by reading the sentence (A) properly which mentions that the bank’s rate-setting panel must have had little difficulty after the decision was taken by the RBI. The sentence finds a suitable connection with the sentence (E) which also mentions about the reversal in stance of the six-member panel’s hitherto most dovish member, Ravindra H. Dholakia. Thus, the latter sentence follows the former one coherently and meaningfully which is not the case with the other combinations given as options. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

  1. If the sentence (C), “The RBI’s nominee, Michael Debabrata Patra, in fact voted to head off incipient price pressures by raising the policy rate by 25 basis points.” follows the sentence (F) after rearranging the other sentences into a coherent paragraph and excluding the incoherent sentence, which of the following sentences can come in between the two statements without altering the theme of the paragraph?

(a)It later strengthened to hit a high of 64.02 in mid- morning deals as bullish momentum in equity markets kept leading the way for the local unit.

(b)In forward market today, premium for dollar declined due to mild receiving from exporters.

(c)Consumers blame the reluctance of the government to lower the fuel prices, even when the international crude oil prices plummeted, as the main reason for the consumer price index inflation.

(d)The decision of maintaining the status quo, citing the inflationary trends, has come in for severe criticism by retail and industrial loan-seekers.

(e)None of the above.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. None of the given statements can come in between the two statements as they fail to connect with either of the sentences. Moreover, the statements given as options are out of the context which have no relevance with the theme of the paragraph. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.

  1. If the sentence (B), “The Reserve Bank of India’s decision to keep the repo rate unchanged was no surprise given the focus with which the Monetary Policy Committee has approached its mandate: of keeping inflation in check.” is the first statement and the sentence (H) the last of the coherent paragraph so formed after the rearrangement of other sentences and the elimination of the incoherent one, which of the following options depicts the most appropriate sequence of the coherent paragraph?

(a)BADGEIFH

(b)BGFCEDAH

(c)BAEFCGDH

(d)BEFGIAFH

(e)BCFGEADH

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. If (B) is the first and (H) is the last statements, the sentences in the sequence of BAEFCGDH form a coherent paragraph which is about the implications of the current decision taken by the RBI to keep the repo rate unchanged. The question can be quickly solved by taking the help of previous questions asked in the format. In the previous question, it is clearly mentioned that the sentence (C) follows the sentence (F) after the correct rearrangement of sentences and elimination of the incoherent one. This can be visualized in the option (c) only. Other sequences are not in proper order to make the paragraph coherent. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.

Direction (6-10): Five statements are given below, labelled a, b, c, d and e. Among these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the paragraph.

  1. (a) They can absorb ultraviolet (UV) light and produce sharp, bright colours, making them especially attractive for TVs, smartphones and LEDs.
    (b) When activated by UV light, they can produce visible light in different colours depending on their size.
    (c) They are extremely tiny particles with properties vastly superior to conventional semiconductors.
    (d) Although the combination works well for photodetectors and sensors, it is practically useless for displays and LEDs because quantum dots lose their ability to emit light when fused with graphene.
    (e) Quantum dots are semiconductor nanocrystals with the potential to revolutionise diverse technologies, from photovoltaics and medical imaging to quantum computing.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Sentences EACB form a coherent paragraph while sentence (d) is not a part. Sentences forming a coherent paragraph is talking about the features and properties of Quantum dots, which are semiconductor nanocrystal. Sentence (d) which is about some undefined combination, is making it unrelated to the other sentences. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

  1. (a) In fact, as tigers become more and more scarce, poachers may be targeting clouded leopards as a replacement.

(b) Among the haul were tiger skins, bear paws, otter skins, and the pelts of 19 clouded leopards.
(c) Asian elephants have been ruthlessly slaughtered for their ivory across Asia for years, and their numbers are declining.
(d) The scope and magnitude of this dismal feedback cycle are not completely known, but the situation is almost certainly far worse than we know.
(e) A large cache of wildlife parts was discovered in the Chinese Chamber of Commerce in Phnom Penh in 2014, a bust that demonstrates Chinese complicity in the wildlife trade in Cambodia at a very high level.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. Sentences EBAD forming a coherent paragraph is all about illegal possession of the wildlife parts by China whereas sentence (c) is about slaughtering of Asian elephants. Hence sentence (c) fails to connect with the other sentences of the paragraph.

  1. (a) In 2017, it shipped food to South Sudan, where the world power has long-standing interests.
    (b) China always stands ready to supply humanitarian aid to its client states.
    (c) The same year, China and WHO agreed to cooperate to treat cholera in Yemen, showing that China has continent-spanning experience combating illnesses in countries recovering or suffering from pervasive conflicts.
    (d) Several aspects of Cambodia’s connections to China could jeopardize the small power’s relationship not only with the West but also with ASEAN.
    (e) In 2016, China prepared $100 million for refugees across the world.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Sentence (d) is not a part of the coherent paragraph as sentences forming coherent paragraph (BEAC) is all about China’s assistance to its client countries, but it discusses about the aspects of Cambodia’s connections to China. Hence it does not go in agreement with the other sentences.

  1. (a) The investment thus made in defence manufacturing will benefit not only the Armed Forces, but the nation as a whole.

(b) Perception, however, is not always the same as reality.
(c) India has had the unique distinction of being the largest importer of defence equipment in the world for the past few years.
(d) The 69th Republic Day parade put on a grand show that included top-shelf armaments and equipment, including indigenously made radars and missiles.
(e) This is certainly true when it comes to our Armed Forces.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Sentences (DBEC)forming a coherent paragraph revolves around the theme of India as the largest importer of defence equipment in the world as displayed in the 69th Republic Day parade, while sentence (a) which is about investment is not related to the other sentences of the paragraph. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

  1. (a) At this stage, traditional gender norms push girls into helping with household chores and sibling care, leading to irregular attendance that eventually results in dropouts.
    (b) The 2011 Census estimated the figure at 84 million—nearly 20% of the age group covered under the Right to Education (RTE) Act.
    (c) Early marriage, lack of safety in schools and low aspirations related to girls’ education also lead to them dropping out.
    (d) According to the ministry of human resource development (MHRD), 62.1 million) children are out of school in India.
    (e) The number of schools also decreases sharply beyond upper primary.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. We can infer from the given sentences that sentences DBAC form a coherent paragraph giving statistics of children not going to school and reason behind this. Sentence (e) talking about the decrease in number of schools, fails to connect with other sentences and hence makes it a right choice.

 

 

 

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