SBI PO Prelims 2022 Reasoning Ability Quiz – 8

SBI PO Prelims 2022 Reasoning Ability Quiz 

Aspirants have a strong possibility of scoring well in the Reasoning Ability section if they practice quality questions on a regular basis. This section takes the least amount of time if the practice is done every day in a dedicated manner. In this article, we have come up with the SBI PO Prelims Reasoning Ability Quiz to help you prepare better. Candidates will be provided with a detailed solution for each question in this SBI PO Prelims Reasoning Ability Quiz. This SBI PO Prelims Reasoning Ability Quiz includes a variety of questions ranging in difficulty from easy to tough. This SBI PO Prelims Reasoning Ability Quiz is totally FREE. This SBI PO Prelims Reasoning Ability Quiz has important Reasoning Ability Questions and Answers that will help you improve your exam score. Aspirants must practice this SBI PO Prelims Reasoning Ability Quiz in order to be able to answer questions quickly and efficiently in upcoming exams.

Directions (1-3): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Eight candidates A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are participating in a race. All are standing at a distance of 1 km, 2 km, 3 km, 4 km, 5 km and 6 km, from their immediate neighbours but not necessarily in the same order. Two candidates are at the same distance of 5 km from their immediate neighbours. B is 3 km left of C and 6 km away from F. B is standing immediately between E and G at 5 km and 2 km respectively. H is 4 km left of E. C is second to the left of D. The candidate on the extreme left is 10 km away from E. G is standing between B and C.
1. What is the distance between H and B ?
(a) 6 km
(b) 12 km
(c) 10 km
(d) Can’t be determined
(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation

2. Which of the following is immediate neighbor of D?
(a) G
(b) F
(c) C
(d) B
(e) E

Answer & Explanation

3. Who is standing between H and B?
(a) E
(b) F
(c) G
(d) C
(e) D

Answer & Explanation

Directions (4-5): In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent cause. These statements may be independent cause without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

4. I. India has surpassed the value of tea exports this year over all the earlier years due to an increase in demand for quality tea in the European market.
II. There is an increase in demand of coffee in the domestic market during the last two years.
(a) if statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
(b) if statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
(c) if both the statements I and II are independent causes;
(d) if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
(e) if both the statements I and II are-effects of some common cause.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c
The two statements discuss two separate statistical and generalized results.

5. I. There is increase in water level of all the water tanks supplying drinking water to the city during the last fortnight.
II. Most of the trains were cancelled last week due to water-logging on the tracks.
(a) if statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
(b) if statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
(c) if both the statements I and II are independent causes;
(d) if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
(e) if both the statements I and II are-effects of some common cause.

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e
The problems discussed in both the statements are clearly the result of heavy downpour in the area.

Directions (6-10): A word arrangement machine, when given a particular input, rearranges it following a particular rule. The following is the illustration of the input and the steps of arrangement:

Input: new 17 subtract 48 of 29 country 54 become 35 add 36
Step I: add new subtract 48 of 29 country 54 become 35 36 18
Step II: 35 add new subtract 48 of 29 country 54 35 18 become
Step III: country 35 add new subtract 48 of 54 35 18 become 30
Step IV: 47 country 35 add subtract of 54 35 18 become 30 new
Step V: of 47 country 35 add subtract 54 18 become 30 new 36
Step VI: 53 of 47 country 35 add 18 become 30 new 36 subtract

Input: Mid 39 Apple 56 Good 59 Orange 35 Beautiful 76 Naughty 92

6. In which step the elements ‟ Mid 59 Orange” found in the same order?
(a)Step I
(b)Step II
(c)Step III
(d)Step V
(e)Step VI

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c
Exp. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that there is both number and words are arranged in each step.
From the step I one word is arrange in left end and one number is arrange in right side and in step II word is arrange in right end and number is arrange left end side. This (inward) process is continuous until all the words and numbers are arranged.
(a) For words arrangement- Words are arranged according to the alphabetical order. Starting from left and then in right in the next step alternatively and so on till the last step.
(b) For numbers arrangement- Firstly the smallest odd number is arranged by its succeeding number in the right end side in step 1 (for ex. (17+1)= 18). And then in the second step smallest even numbers is replaced by its preceding digit at the left end side in step 2 (for ex. (36-1)= 35) and in the third step second smallest odd number and in the fourth step second smallest even number and so on till the last step.

Input: Mid 39 Apple 56 Good 59 Orange 35 Beautiful 76 Naughty 92
Step I: Apple Mid 39 56 Good 59 Orange Beautiful 76 Naughty 92 36
Step II: 55 Apple Mid 39 Good 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful
Step III: Good 55 Apple Mid 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40
Step IV: 75 Good 55 Apple 59 Orange Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid
Step V: Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple Orange 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60
Step VI: 91 Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60 Orange

7. In step IV, which of the following words would be at 6th to the left of 3rd from the right end?
(a) 55
(b) Apple
(c) 59
(d) Mid
(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b
Exp. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that there is both number and words are arranged in each step.
From the step I one word is arrange in left end and one number is arrange in right side and in step II word is arrange in right end and number is arrange left end side. This (inward) process is continuous until all the words and numbers are arranged.
(a) For words arrangement- Words are arranged according to the alphabetical order. Starting from left and then in right in the next step alternatively and so on till the last step.
(b) For numbers arrangement- Firstly the smallest odd number is arranged by its succeeding number in the right end side in step 1 (for ex. (17+1) = 18). And then in the second step smallest even numbers is replaced by its preceding digit at the left end side in step 2 (for ex. (36-1) = 35) and in the third step second smallest odd number and in the fourth step second smallest even number and so on till the last step.

Input: Mid 39 Apple 56 Good 59 Orange 35 Beautiful 76 Naughty 92
Step I: Apple Mid 39 56 Good 59 Orange Beautiful 76 Naughty 92 36
Step II: 55 Apple Mid 39 Good 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful
Step III: Good 55 Apple Mid 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40
Step IV: 75 Good 55 Apple 59 Orange Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid
Step V: Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple Orange 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60
Step VI: 91 Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60 Orange

8. How many steps are required to complete the above arrangement?
(a) Three
(b) Four
(c) Six
(d) Seven
(e) Five

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c
Exp. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that there is both number and words are arranged in each step.
From the step I one word is arrange in left end and one number is arrange in right side and in step II word is arrange in right end and number is arrange left end side. This (inward) process is continuous until all the words and numbers are arranged.
(a) For words arrangement- Words are arranged according to the alphabetical order. Starting from left and then in right in the next step alternatively and so on till the last step.
(b) For numbers arrangement- Firstly the smallest odd number is arranged by its succeeding number in the right end side in step 1 (for ex. (17+1) = 18). And then in the second step smallest even numbers is replaced by its preceding digit at the left end side in step 2 (for ex. (36-1) = 35) and in the third step second smallest odd number and in the fourth step second smallest even number and so on till the last step.

Input: Mid 39 Apple 56 Good 59 Orange 35 Beautiful 76 Naughty 92
Step I: Apple Mid 39 56 Good 59 Orange Beautiful 76 Naughty 92 36
Step II: 55 Apple Mid 39 Good 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful
Step III: Good 55 Apple Mid 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40
Step IV: 75 Good 55 Apple 59 Orange Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid
Step V: Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple Orange 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60
Step VI: 91 Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60 Orange

9. Which of the following would be the step V after arrangement?
(a) Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple Orange 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60
(b) 91 Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60 Orange
(c) 55 Apple Mid 39 Good 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful
(d) Good 55 Apple Mid 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40
(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a
Exp. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that there is both number and words are arranged in each step.
From the step I one word is arrange in left end and one number is arrange in right side and in step II word is arrange in right end and number is arrange left end side. This (inward) process is continuous until all the words and numbers are arranged.
(a) For words arrangement- Words are arranged according to the alphabetical order. Starting from left and then in right in the next step alternatively and so on till the last step.
(b) For numbers arrangement- Firstly the smallest odd number is arranged by its succeeding number in the right end side in step 1 (for ex. (17+1)= 18). And then in the second step smallest even numbers is replaced by its preceding digit at the left end side in step 2 (for ex. (36-1)= 35) and in the third step second smallest odd number and in the fourth step second smallest even number and so on till the last step.

Input: Mid 39 Apple 56 Good 59 Orange 35 Beautiful 76 Naughty 92
Step I: Apple Mid 39 56 Good 59 Orange Beautiful 76 Naughty 92 36
Step II: 55 Apple Mid 39 Good 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful
Step III: Good 55 Apple Mid 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40
Step IV: 75 Good 55 Apple 59 Orange Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid
Step V: Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple Orange 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60
Step VI: 91 Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60 Orange

10. What is the difference between the number which is third from left in Step IV and the number which is second from right in Step VI?
(a) 19
(b) 15
(c) 5
(d) 16
(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c
Exp. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that there is both number and words are arranged in each step.
From the step I one word is arrange in left end and one number is arrange in right side and in step II word is arrange in right end and number is arrange left end side. This (inward) process is continuous until all the words and numbers are arranged.
(a) For words arrangement- Words are arranged according to the alphabetical order. Starting from left and then in right in the next step alternatively and so on till the last step.
(b) For numbers arrangement- Firstly the smallest odd number is arranged by its succeeding number in the right end side in step 1 (for ex. (17+1) = 18). And then in the second step smallest even numbers is replaced by its preceding digit at the left end side in step 2 (for ex. (36-1) = 35) and in the third step second smallest odd number and in the fourth step second smallest even number and so on till the last step.

Input: Mid 39 Apple 56 Good 59 Orange 35 Beautiful 76 Naughty 92
Step I: Apple Mid 39 56 Good 59 Orange Beautiful 76 Naughty 92 36
Step II: 55 Apple Mid 39 Good 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful
Step III: Good 55 Apple Mid 59 Orange 76 Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40
Step IV: 75 Good 55 Apple 59 Orange Naughty 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid
Step V: Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple Orange 92 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60
Step VI: 91 Naughty 75 Good 55 Apple 36 Beautiful 40 Mid 60 Orange

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