The Hindu Editorial Analysis : 12th December 2022

The Hindu Editorial Analysis:

We all are aware of the importance of reading The Hindu newspaper with the aspect of improving reading ability, easily comprehending paragraphs, getting updated with the current events, improving essay writing and many more. For a banking aspirant it becomes necessary to read editorials for vocabulary. In this article we are going to discuss the points of today’s editorials with practice questions and important vocabs.

The Hindu is now synonymous with civil services aspirants. What brought on this cult readership?

Crises Cycles

  • When Pedro Castillo was elected the President of Peru last year, he promised voters a new social contract.With four Presidents in the past five years, there were widespread corruption allegations and growing anger in the country against the ruling elites with unemployment and poverty rising.
  • Mr. Castillo, a former schoolteacher lacking administrative experience, vowed to fix the chronic economic problems and fight corruption.
  • Rather than his ouster —a President being impeached is not new in Peru —what shook the nation were the developments leading to his impeachment.
  • Just after he took over, clashes erupted between him and Congress.
  • Rather than his ouster —a President being impeached is not new in Peru —what shook the nation were the developments leading to his impeachment.
  • Just after he took over, clashes erupted between him and Congress.
  • He also faced allegations of corruption and running a criminal organization that profted of government contracts. 
  • While he rejected these allegations, by saying old political elites wanted to take back power, his inability to mobilize public and institutional support only emboldened his rivals.
  • Lawmakers tried to impeach him twice invoking a clause in the Constitution that allows the sacking of Presidents “for permanent moral incapacity”, but failed to garner enough votes. 
  • The crisis came to a tipping point last month when Mr. Castillo threatened to dissolve Congress.
  • In 1992, President Alberto Fujimori (currently in jail), shut down Peru’s Congress, suspended its Constitution and went on to rule as a dictator until 2000.
  • Mr. Castillo announced the dissolution of Congress on December 7, a few hours ahead of a scheduled impeachment vote.
  • He wanted to convene a new Congress and rewrite the Constitution.
  • But unlike the Fujimori plan, Mr. Castillo collapsed as the military, the police and even aides came out against him.
  • Congress impeached him with 101 to six votes (with 10 abstentions),and Vice-President Dina Boluarte took charge as the new President.
  • Congressional powers could be critical in preventing the rise of another Fujimori, but the constant clashes between the executive and the legislature and the back-to-back impeachment of elected Presidents are not signs of a healthy democracy.

Practice Questions:

  • What did Pedro Castillo promise when he was elected as President?
  • Why in 1992 President Alberto Fujimori shut down Peru’s Congress?

Important Vocabs:

  • Convene- to come together
  • Dictator- one who rules the country by force
  • Garner- to obtain or collect something such as information or support
  • Emboldened- give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something.
  • Widespread- happening over a large area

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