IBPS Clerk English Language Quiz – 8

IBPS Clerk English Language Quiz 

English Language is a part of almost all major competitive exams in the country and is perhaps the most scoring section also. Aspirants who regularly practice questions have a good chance of scoring well in the English Language Section. So here we are providing you with the IBPS Clerk English Language Quiz to help you prepare better. This IBPS Clerk English Language Quiz includes all of the most recent pattern-based questions, as well as Previous Year Questions. This IBPS Clerk English Language Quiz is available to you at no cost. Candidates will be provided with a detailed explanation of each question in this IBPS Clerk English Language Quiz. Candidates must practice this IBPS Clerk English Language Quiz to achieve a good score in the English Language Section.

 Directions (1-5): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (e). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any)

  1. The document (a)/ he gave me was long and complicated (b)/ and I struggled (c)/ to understand it. (d)/ No error (e)

(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

(e) E

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. No error

  1. The auditions for India’s first ever (a)/ reality-based pop band hunt is (b)/ going on in full swing (c)/ with numerous entries which came in.

(d)/ No error (e)

(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

(e) E

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. Use ‘are’ in place of ‘a’ because subject is in plural form

  1. They are negotiating (a)/ to try and reach (b)/ an agreement which will be beneficial (c)/ everyone concerned. (d)/ No error (e)

(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

(e) E

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. “to everyone concerned”

  1. The company has decided (a)/ to allot a substantial (b)/ portion of its profits to research (c)/and development. (d)/ No error (e)

(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

(e) E

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. No error

  1. It remains (a)/ to be seen whether (b)/ these reforms (c)/ will be acceptable by the Board. (d)/ No error (e)

(a) A

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

(e) E

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. “acceptable to” should replace “acceptable by”, ” Acceptable” is always followed by ‘ to’

Directions (6-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them, while answering some of the questions.

Over the past few decades, many Asian nations transformed from poverty into global competitors. From 2003 to 2007, Asian economies expanded at an average annual rate of 8.1% triple that of advanced economies. Over the same period, inflation in Asia averaged only about 3.5% .But Asia could be facing turbulent economic times. In May, the average inflation rate throughout the region reached nearly 7% annual rate in June according to the latest government figures the highest in 13 years.

Policymakers and central bankers are forced to raise interest rates and limit credit to get inflation under control. But these same measures suppress the investment and consumption that generates growth. The combination of slowing growth and soaring inflation makes economic policy making tricky. Inflation stirs up the middle classes because it can quickly erase years of hard-won personal gains. Inflation is cruel to the poor, because families have to spend a larger share of their meager incomes on necessities. In the Philippines farmers, unable to afford fuel for tractors use water buffalos to plow their fields.

But to avoid unrest, leaders cannot blindly adopt rigid anti-inflation measures. Voters won’t hesitate to remove from office any politician who doesn’t deliver the goods. So they cannot overreact to the inflation threat and scale down economic growth in the process. Developing nations need to grow quickly to create jobs and increase incomes for their large populations. With prices soaring, doing nothing is not an option. Most central banks in Asia have started raising interest rates. The Reserve Bank of India increased its benchmark rate twice last month to a six year high of 8.5 %.

The challenge is especially difficult because currently, inflation is not of domestic origin. Prices are being driven higher by a global surge in oil and food prices, which individual governments can do little to control. Of course, inflation is not just a problem in Asia. World Bank president Robert Zoellick called rising food and oil prices a man-made “catastrophe” that could quickly reverse the gains made in overcoming poverty over the past seven years. For now, though there is more talk than action on the international front, so Asian governments are on their own.

Even though inflation throughout the region is likely to continue to rise in coming months, no one is expecting an economic calamity. According to the Asia Development Bank Asian countries have large currency reserves and relatively healthy banks, and so are far better prepared to absorb external shocks than they were during the region’s last recession ten years ago. Asian policymakers have learned their lessons and are more alert.

  1. Which of the following can be said about Asian economies during the period 2003-2007?

(A) Though inflation was rising at that time, politicians did not pay much attention.

(B) Many of the poor countries were able to compete internationally.

(C) The growth rate of Asian countries was facilitated by growth in advanced countries.

(a) All (A), (B) & (C)

(b) Only (A)

(c) Only (B)

(d) Both (A) & (B)

(e)  None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. Refer to opening lines of the first paragraph, “From 2003 to 2007, Asian economies expanded at an average annual rate of 8.1% triple that of advanced economies.”

 

  1. Which of the following is not an anti- inflation measure being used by Asian countries?

(A) Increase in benchmark interest rate by a central bank.

(B) Checks on lending

(C) Subsidizing fuel for farmers.

(a) Only (C)

(b) Both (A) & (B)

(c) Both (B) & (C)

(d) Only (B)

(e)  None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Refer to paragraph 2, “Policymakers and central bankers are forced to raise interest rates and limit credit to get inflation under control.”

  1. What makes it difficult for Asian countries to control inflation?

(a) Restrictions by organizations like the Asian Development Bank

(b) Governments are indecisive and adopt counterproductive measure.

(c) The problem is global in nature not restricted to their individual countries.

(d) Economic growth cannot occur in the absence of inflation.

(e)  None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Refer to opening lines of paragraph 2, “Policymakers and central bankers are forced to raise interest rates and limit credit to get inflation under control. But these same measures suppress the investment and consumption that generates growth. The combination of slowing growth and soaring inflation makes economic policy making tricky.”

 

  1. Why are experts not very concerned about the impact of inflation on Asian economies?

(A) Asian countries have not maintained substantial hard currency reserves.

(B) The condition of Asian banks is currently both stable and strong.

(C) The Asian Development Bank will bail them out of any trouble.

(a) Only (A)

(b) Both (A) &(C)

(c) Both (A) & (B)

(d) Only (B)

(e)  None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Refer to last paragraph, “According to the Asia Development Bank Asian countries have large currency reserves and relatively healthy banks, and so are far better prepared to absorb external shocks than they were during the region’s last recession ten years ago.”

 

  1. What is the author’s advice to politicians regarding the handling of inflation?

(a)  They should focus on preventing agitations among their citizens not implementing anti-inflation measures.

(b) They ought to implement anti-inflation measures even at the cost of losing office.

(c)  They must focus on maintaining high economic growth rate as inflation will taper off on its own.

(d) Countries should handle the problem independently and not collectively.

(e)  None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp. Refer to the third paragraph, “So they cannot overreact to the inflation threat and scale down economic growth in the process. Developing nations need to grow quickly to create jobs and increase incomes for their large populations. With prices soaring, doing nothing is not an option.”

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